I How to find a solution to this linear ODE?

69
0
I want to find solution to following ODE
$$ \frac{d \bar h}{dt} + \frac{K}{S_s} \alpha^2 \bar h = -\frac{K}{S_s} \alpha H h_b(t) $$
I have solved it with integrating factor method with ## I=\exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} ## as integrating factor and ##\frac{K}{S_s} = \frac{1}{D} ##

I have tried to solve it with following steps
$$
I \frac{d \bar h}{dt} + I \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h = -I \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t)
\\
I \frac{d \bar h}{dt} + I \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h= -I \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t)
\\
\frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} + \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt}
\\
\frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt}
\\
\int_0^t \frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = \int_0^t - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h I = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 d \tau} \exp^{- \int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 d \tau - \int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \int d \tau - \int dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 ( \tau - t)} dt\\
$$

Can someone please review whether I have solved it correctly or not?
 
319
64
Are K, S and ##\alpha## constant or do they depend on t?

Thanks.
 
69
0
Are K, S and ##\alpha## constant or do they depend on t?

Thanks.
A, K and H are constand and ##\alpha## comes from Fourier transform.
 
319
64
The third equation seems wrong; you wrote:
##\frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} + \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt}
\\##
The first term should be, I believe:
##\frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt}##
 
19,351
3,838
I want to find solution to following ODE
$$ \frac{d \bar h}{dt} + \frac{K}{S_s} \alpha^2 \bar h = -\frac{K}{S_s} \alpha H h_b(t) $$
I have solved it with integrating factor method with ## I=\exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} ## as integrating factor and ##\frac{K}{S_s} = \frac{1}{D} ##

I have tried to solve it with following steps
$$
I \frac{d \bar h}{dt} + I \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h = -I \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t)
\\
I \frac{d \bar h}{dt} + I \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h= -I \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t)
\\
\frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} + \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \bar h \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt}
\\
\frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt}
\\
\int_0^t \frac{d \bar h}{dt} \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} = \int_0^t - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h I = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 d \tau} \exp^{- \int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 d \tau - \int \frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 \int d \tau - \int dt} dt
\\
\bar h = - \frac{1}{D} \alpha H \int_0^t h_b(t) \exp^{\frac{1}{D} \alpha^2 ( \tau - t)} dt\\
$$

Can someone please review whether I have solved it correctly or not?
Your writing of these equations leaves a lot to be desired, especially the lack of proper use of parentheses. However, it seems to me your result is correct, except for not including the initial condition (unless h = 0 at t = 0).
 

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