I stumbled upon this article (among many other similar ones) http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.3983, that seems to correct the outdated assumption that the CMB dominates the entropy density of the universe. They find that super massive black holes are actually the primary contribution by many orders of magnitude.(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});

The thing is, I was looking for the entropy density of the universe today in order to calculate the predicted relic density of a generic WIMP. The standard method of estimating this gives,

[itex]

\Omega \approx 8\sqrt{\dfrac{5\pi}{g_*}}\dfrac{x_fs_0}{H_0^2}\left(a+\dfrac{3b}{2x_f}\right)^{-1}

[/itex]

where [itex]g_*[/itex] are the relativistic degrees of freedom at the freeze-out point x_{f}=m/T_{f}, s_{0}is the current entropy density, H_{0}is the current Hubble parameter, and a and b represent the s/p-wave annihilation cross sections of the WIMP. You can see that the ratio of the current entropy density to the cross section of the WIMP is directly proportional to the relic density. Every source I can find assumes that the CMB determines the total entropy density, meaning they are underestimating the "WIMP" cross-sections by a factor of 10^{26}! This appears to completely destroy the "WIMP miracle", forcingthermally produceddark matter to interact much more strongly..

This is crazy, so I'm assuming I made a mistake somewhere. However, the above formula follows pretty simply from the Boltzmann equation, H_{0}and Ω are measured quantities, and although you could adjust x_{f}a little bit, any major change would violate the initial assumptions about WIMP freezeout (non-relativistic at the time of freezeout, which occurs during the radiation-dominated period)...

*edit* I think I may have found where my problem was, but it would be nice to get some confirmation. The above equation was derived under the assumption that the WIMP froze out during a radiation-dominated period, meaning that only the radiation entropy of the universe was considered. When I solved for the comoving density y=n/s in the radiation dominated period, I implicitly defined it as using theradiationentropy rather than the total entropy of the universe. This would explain why only the CMB entropy matters in the calculation, but it's still a little strange...

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# Implications of SMBH Entropy on DM

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