# Irrational^rational = rational

#### caters

Is it true that in some cases an irrational number raised to a rational power is rational? If so what kinds of irrational numbers?

#### jgens

Gold Member
Yes. For your first question note that √22 = 2. For your second question all number of this form should be algebraic.

Edit: As Mark44 pointed out below I need to add the caveat that the exponent be non-zero for my second claim to hold.

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#### pwsnafu

It's also worth pointing out that irrational to the irrational can be rational.

The Gelfond-Schneider theorem says: if $a$ and $b$ are algebraic, with $a \neq 1,0$ and $b$ irrational, then $a^b$ is transcendental.

This means that $\sqrt{2}^{\sqrt{2}}$ is transcendental (hence irrational). Raise this to the power of $\sqrt{2}$ and you get 2.

• 2 people

#### Mark44

Mentor
Is it true that in some cases an irrational number raised to a rational power is rational? If so what kinds of irrational numbers?
A very simple example is $\pi^0 = 1$.
$\pi$ is irrational, and 0 is rational.

#### rama

if the order of the root is say x, and the power you raise are multiples of x , then it becomes a rational number(or if the power is 0)
example:√2^4=4

#### HallsofIvy

Homework Helper
Note that the irrational number has to be algebraic. A transcendental number raised to a rational power cannot be rational. In fact, it must still be transcendental.

#### DrClaude

Mentor
Note that the irrational number has to be algebraic. A transcendental number raised to a rational power cannot be rational. In fact, it must still be transcendental.
A very simple example is $\pi^0 = 1$.
$\pi$ is irrational, and 0 is rational.

#### arildno

Homework Helper
Gold Member
Dearly Missed
I think you just became a candidate for the Fields medal! #### DrClaude

Mentor
I think you just became a candidate for the Fields medal! No , I just became the candidate for another coffee!

Sorry Mark44, completely missed your humor there...

#### Mark44

Mentor
No , I just became the candidate for another coffee!

Sorry Mark44, completely missed your humor there...
That was arildno...

#### DrClaude

Mentor
That was arildno...
I thought you were trying to be funny by proposing the trivial case "to the power of 0". 