# Is every subspace of a connected space connected?

1. Aug 18, 2007

### quantum123

Is every subspace of a connected space connected?

2. Aug 18, 2007

### HallsofIvy

What exactly do you mean by "space"- general topological space or topological vector space?

If you mean general topological space, the answer is obviously "no". Any subset of a topological space is a subspace with the inherited topology. A non-connected subset of a connected space with the inherited topology would be a non-connected space.

3. Aug 18, 2007

### quantum123

Subspace I mean a subset with the induced subspace topology of a topological space (X,T).

4. Aug 18, 2007

### StatusX

For a counterexample, take the real line, and the subset of the real line formed by removing a point.

5. Aug 18, 2007

### Hurkyl

Staff Emeritus
Or just take a pair of points. That's a disconnected subset too.

6. Aug 18, 2007

### mathwonk

this is the most clueless question ive heard yet. reveals a complete lack of understanding of connectedness. presumably the questioner is learning by reading some worthless book with no examples or useful explanations at all.

(I waS IN exactly this boat when i was beginning topology, after hearing continuity defined as inverse image of opens are open. that is totally useless in understanding homeomorphisms. after that i still thought a sphere might be homeomorphic to a torus.)

Last edited: Aug 18, 2007
7. Aug 18, 2007

### Hurkyl

Staff Emeritus
There are no stupid questions, only stupid answers. :tongue:

8. Aug 19, 2007

### quantum123

Isn't that the definition of continuity? What is your definition? You mean without torus and sphere there would be no such thing as continuity?

9. Aug 19, 2007

### quantum123

Yes, the subset you mentioned is not connected with the usual or euclidean topology. But what about the induced or subspace topology where every open set is defined to be an intersection of that particular subset and a particular open set in the usual topology?

10. Aug 19, 2007

### matt grime

You think it suddenly ceases to be disconnected? Take two open sets in the 'usual' topology that are disjoint and disconnect R\{0}. Each is open in the subspace topology by the very definition *you* wrote down.

Mathwonk's point was that sometimes it pays if you think about things. Whilst we always tell people that the first thing to do is check they know the definitions, the second thing is to see if they understand the definitions. This is different. This you do by playing with things and seeing what happens. It's good that you've learnt the definitions, but the fact you had to make that last post asking that question indicates you need to think about the definitions some more for yourself, and in particular to actually use them and apply them to some questions.

Last edited: Aug 19, 2007
11. Aug 19, 2007

### quantum123

We are talking about topology and mathematics here. So is it better to stick to the topic and not talk about something else like for example, me?

12. Aug 19, 2007

### JasonRox

He gave a counter-example and which there are many!

Once you give a counter-example, the story of the question is done. If you want to ask a new one, go ahead, but that may require a different answer.

Oh, and by the way, he did use the subspace topology you're talking about.

13. Aug 20, 2007