# Linear and angular acceleration problems.

brenfox

## Homework Statement

A mass of 0.5kg is suspended from a flywheel. If the mass is released from rest and falls a distance of 0.5m in 1.5s. ( mass of wheel = 3kg, Radius = 0.3m, Radius of gyration = 212mm ).

Calculate : a:The linear acceleration of the mass?
b: The angular acceleration of the wheel?

v=s/t
a= v-u/t
s=ut+1/2at^2

## The Attempt at a Solution

I am getting conflicting answers to these questions. Heres my attempt!
v = s/t so... v = 0.5/1.5 = 0.3333ms-1.
Then...
a = v-u/t so... v = 0.3333 - 0/1.5 = 0.2222ms-2

So linear acceleration = 0.2222ms-2

Question b : angular acceleration = acceleration/radius.

so...

angular acceleration = 0.2222/ 0.3 = 0.74 Rads-2.

Now my linear acceleration is 0.222ms-2

so if i put this answer into the equation s = ut + 1/2at^2. s should equal 0.5m. so..

s = 1.5+1/2X0.2222x1.5^2 = 1.75s? The answer should be 0.5m?

Any help will be greatfully accepted.

LeonhardEu
In your first equation you have not considered that there is acceleration so v is not s/t

Edit: Also you have not considered that it begins from REST and falls 0.5m in 1.5s

brenfox
Average velocity = 0.5/1.5 = 0.3333ms

So the distance from rest to fall = 0.5m so...

0.333/0.5 = 0.6666ms.

So velocity increases from 0 to 0.666ms in 1.5s.

then: a= 0.6666/1.5 = 0.444ms-2 is the linear acceleration?

LeonhardEu
No. You have acceleration so
v = at
s = 0.5at^2 are your equations

1 person
brenfox
third time lucky

v = at

a = v/t

a = 0.3333/1.5 = 0.2222ms-1

a = 0.2222ms-1 but distance is 0.5m so:

0.2222/0.5 = 0.4444ms-2

linear acceleration = 0.4444ms-2.

checking with equation s = 0.5at^2

s = 0.5x0.444x1.5^2 = 0.5m

so inserting 0.4444 into the above equation gives me the correct distance. To my knowledge this tells me 0.4444ms-2 is correct??

Gold Member
third time lucky

v = at

a = v/t

a = 0.3333/1.5 = 0.2222ms-1

a = 0.2222ms-1 but distance is 0.5m so:

0.2222/0.5 = 0.4444ms-2

linear acceleration = 0.4444ms-2.

checking with equation s = 0.5at^2

s = 0.5x0.444x1.5^2 = 0.5m

so inserting 0.4444 into the above equation gives me the correct distance. To my knowledge this tells me 0.4444ms-2 is correct??

1 person
LeonhardEu
Well done. I think you are on your start doing physics. Try making good shapes and for every body you study draw the forces upon it so you can see how it will react. ;)

brenfox