# Multinomial coefficient question.

1. Apr 9, 2007

### MathematicalPhysicist

let r>1 which term in (x1+...+xk)^rk has the greatest coefficient?
well i have this equation:
$$(x_1+x_2+...+x_k)^{rk}=\sum_{n_1+n_2+...+n_k=rk}\left(\begin{array}{cc}rk\\\ n_1,n_2,...,n_k\end{array}\right)x^{n_1}...x^{n_k}$$
well if we notice that (n_1+...+n_k)/k=r then the maximum coefficient is achieved when n_1=n_2=...=n_k=r, but the only way i can see how show that this is true is with lagrange multipliers, and i havent yet used this method in my calclulus classes so i guess there's a combinatorial solution here. any one care to hint me this method?