Near-resonant atomic transitions

  • Thread starter AzDubn
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To excite an electron in the atom from lower state to higher you need an EM field of frequency that matches the energy difference between those levels. How does the near-resonance transition work then?
Thanks in advance.
 

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  • #2
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You need an EM field which matches the energy difference within the natural width of that transition (or within Doppler broadening, or whatever else smears out the energy levels).
 
  • #3
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If you use the drude model for an oscillator and include a damping term (modelled as a fictional force on the dynamical equation), you can allow for broadening and the peak of the resonant absorption frequency is not a sharp peak but rather a broad peak that is be centered around some maximum value. It is this broadening causes near-resonance transition.
 

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