It's not really homework its more of my own thing, but I don't know where else I'd put it 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data category Main belt (Flora family) Orbital characteristics Epoch 6 March 2006 (JD 2453800.5) Aphelion 2.594 AU (388.102 Gm) Perihelion 1.825 AU (272.985 Gm) Semi-major axis 2.210 AU (330.544 Gm) Eccentricity 0.174 Orbital period 3.28 a (1199.647 d) Average orbital speed 19.88 km/s Mean anomaly 53.057° Inclination 4.102° Longitude of ascending node 253.2lllll18° Argument of perihelion 129.532° Proper orbital elements Physical characteristics Dimensions 18.2×10.5×8.9 km  Mean radius 6.1 km Mass 2–3×10^16 kg (estimate) Mean density ~2.7 g/cm³ (estimate)  Equatorial surface gravity ~0.002 m/s² (estimate) Escape velocity ~0.006 km/s (estimate) Rotation period 0.293 d (7.042 h)  Albedo 0.22  Temperature ~181 K max: 281 K (+8°C) Spectral type S Absolute magnitude (H) 11.46 1199.647*24 because 24 hours, then times 60 because 60 minutes in an hour, then times another 60 because 60 seconds in a minute, and we get about 1.03*10^8 seconds. 19.88km/s-0km/s)/(1.03*10^8s-0s)= approximately 1.93^-7km/s/s E(sub k) = 1/2mv^2 Kinetic energy = (1/2)(2.5*10^16kg)(19.88km/s) 2. Relevant equations E(sub k) = 1/2mv^2 (v2-v1)/(t2-t1) and the other stuff I'm looking for 3. The attempt at a solution The solution is kind of what I'm asking for, I need a way to convert kinetic energy directly into thermal energy, and then I also need to find how much energy it takes to raise the entire Earth's atmosphere by 1 degree of something or 1 kelvin, preferably degree.