# heat

Not attempt
2. ### A Can decoherence be associated with heat generation?

This question is inspired by a comment that @thephystudent made where he said that "The dephasing between the Bragg pulses is not unitary, I believe it can be explicitly written in Lindblad form and generates heat. I believe this Point of view is the same as (among others) the papers of...
3. ### I Electromagnetic Waves and different energy manifestations

When an object is hot its particles are moving faster than when is cold, right? I've searched that particles are electrons and protons, so it means that if we warm a object the electrons will be moving or even accelerating. Every charge accelerated creates Electromagnetic Waves (or light)...
4. ### I Types of Heat

The question is: why $dq_{surr}=-dq_{sys}$? q=heat, surr=surroundings, sys=system. Is there any simple way to understand this?
5. ### I Is there a limit to how hot something can get, and if so why?

Question in the title .
6. ### Could somebody please explain the vapor compression cycle?

Heat is taken from food in the refrigerated space to the evaporator which has evaporated (I am assuming saturated vapor) refrigerant flowing through it. My first stumble would be, if this is true, why doesn't the temperature increase for the fluid coming out of the evaporator (unless it is...
7. ### Could you help me with this thermodynamics question?

So, I converted the V (milk) to m3 and found 1.8E-4 m3 and i already know the density so i found the mass of the milk in the bottle. Mmilk= 1.9E-7 kg Normally i would try to connect it with the formulas above but i dont know temperature. I am not sure how i can connect the dots. Can someone...
8. ### For a throttling valve, why is it that temperature remains the same?

For a throttling valve C.V analysis, I am wondering why is it known that temperature remains the same for ideal gases. I understand that using the energy balance equation, I end up with h1=h2. Pretty simple so far. By breaking down enthalpy into its components u1+P1v1 = u2+P2v2 I realized that...
9. ### What is the intuitive meaning behind the polytropic process.

What does it actually mean from an intuitive standpoint? I don’t want to simply memorize the equation. What is it really and when can it be used? What is the usefulness of it? Thanks.
10. ### What is the difference between flow energy and boundary work?

What is the difference between the two? Also, as another question, for enthalpy, is it correct to define it to be the sum of internal energy and flow energy or is there another understanding for it? Thanks in advance
11. ### Why is air in atmospheric pressure and room temperature a gas?

This seems like a simple thermodynamics question but I would like clarification. So the absolute critical temperature is 132.5 K (-221.17 F) and the absolute critical pressure is 3.77Mpa (546.7 psi). I understand that for temperatures above the critical point, a pure substance undergoes an...
12. ### How does specific volume play its role in the phase diagram?

So, I am casually sifting through a chapter in a thermodynamics textbook talking about the multiphase process that pure substances go through. I understand how the P-v and T-v diagram works and that out of the three properties (specific volume, temperature and pressure), two of them are...
13. ### Does temperature increase when water is boiling at 100C.....

Does temperature increase when water is boiling at 100C in a closed system? I am picturing a scenario where I am boiling water in a pot to make pasta. However, I decide to close the pot as the water is still boiling. By doing this I am sealing away the system of study from the environment. Thus...
14. ### DIY Stirling engine project

hello, I had made an DIY alpha type Stirling engine for my physics project and now I have to write an report about the relationship between the heat given to the engine and the motion of the wheel. I had searched a lot about Stirling engines and I learned about work, energy, efficiency...
15. ### Minimum heat removed from gas to restore its state

1. Homework Statement After a free expansion to quadruple its volume, a mole of ideal diatomic gas is compressed back to its original volume isobarically and then cooled down to its original temperature. What is the minimum heat removed from the gas in the final step to restoring its state...
16. ### I Trying to better understand what viscosity really is

I'm trying to get a better handle on the actual physical phenomena underlying viscosity (for newtonian fluids). Something I could word in the format of "this happens (and this and this), and so the fluid resists flow." What I've found online is that when gasses are at higher temperatures, they...
17. ### Mass of Ice required to achieve a certain final Temperature

1. Homework Statement An insulated beaker with negligible mass contains a mass of 0.350 kg of water at a temperature of 76.5 °C. How many kilograms of ice at a temperature of − 23.9 ∘C must be dropped in the water to make the final temperature of the system 40.0 ∘C? Take the specific heat for...
18. ### I Why doesn't Q=0 instead of Q=W if T=constant in first law?

My understanding of heat is the energy transferred as a result of temperature imbalance between systems. If two systems at different temperatures are in contact with each other, a temperature change for both systems and an energy transfer Q is occuring. It is known that Q=W for a closed system...
19. ### A wet cloth has been hung out to dry...

1. Homework Statement Wet clothing at 0°C is hung out to dry when the air temperature is 0°C and there is a dry wind blowing. After some time, it is found that some of the water has evaporated and the remainder has frozen. Estimate the fraction of the water originally present in the clothing...
20. ### I Wavelength approaching the Planck length

If I heat up an object,the object emits a electromagnetic wave with a shorter and shorter wavelength. But if I heat an object up to planck temperature, and making the EM wave that it emits has a wavelength of planck distance,what will happen when I heat it up even more? Will the wavelength...
21. ### Getting the total energy

1. Homework Statement Please look at the screenshot. 2. Homework Equations dimensional analysis 3. The Attempt at a Solution Since the heat capacity is given as 11.3 kJ/(C*g), and energy is measured in Joules (or kJ), I thought to multiply 11.3 by the change in temp (7.3 C) and also 1.50 g...
22. ### Calculate the final temperature of the solution

1. Homework Statement Consider the dissolution of CaCl2. CaCl2(s) Ca2+(aq) + 2 Cl-(aq) ΔH = -81.5 kJ A 10.6-g sample of CaCl2 is dissolved in 109 g of water, with both substances at 25.0°C. Calculate the final temperature of the solution assuming no heat lost to the surroundings and...
23. ### Heat supply to a system

My book states that Heat and work represent energy in transit. The state of the system undergoes a change after heat is supplied to it and before work is extracted from it because energy gets stored in it. My doubt is here that ,heat has been transferred to the system and it says heat is energy...
24. ### I The amount of time it will take to melt ice

What information / formulas do I need to calculate / estimate the amount of time required to melt an ice cube of temperature $T_i$ and mass $m$ in $M$ kg of $T_w$ temperature water? Assume that the system is insulated. Is it even possible? I'm fine with Calculus.
25. ### I Ice cube in hot water

We have a glass containing 0.5 liter (0.5 kg) of water whose temperature 100 degrees Celsius. We also have an ice cube with mass 0.01 kg and temperature -10 degrees Celsius. The cube is put into the glass. The glass is then insulated from the outside world, until the cube has melted. What will...
26. ### B Friction of a Wheel on the Axle?

So say ive got a wheel who's outer radius is 12" and the radius of the axle is 1.5", so the simple machine here is an 8 to 1 ratio. So im wondering, since 1/2mv^2 is for kinetic energy, and the velocity here is 1/8th, does it mean the friction is 1/8th or 1/64th? does it get 1/8th hotter or...
27. ### I When/How does thermal radiation stop (if it stops) and conduction

Consider two solid objects in the vacuum (of different materials, if you will) at different temperatures approaching each other until they make "perfect contact" through flat surfaces (no gaps or defects, so that thermal contact conductance effects are absent, even though interfacial thermal...
28. ### Why this special case occurs in an exchange of heat

1. Homework Statement Hello. First of all sorry about this question, it has to do a little with heat transfer from engineering. This situation is not real, I was working in a proyect and this doubt came to me. I have a heat exchanger of parallel tubes. Water flows in a tube and oil flows in...
29. ### I Heat equation plus a constant

I have seen how to solve the heat equation: $$\frac{ \partial^2 u(x,t) }{\partial x^2} = k^2 \frac{ \partial u(x,t) }{\partial t}$$ With boundary conditions. I use separation variables to find the result, but i dont know how to solve the equation plus a...
30. ### Change in temperature when a gas is in a moving container

1. Homework Statement Some gas at 300K is enclosed in a container. Now the container is placed on a fast moving train.is the change in temperature of the gas the same as the change dT observed when train suddenly stops? 2. Homework Equations 1/2mv^2=dU?? or dU=0?? 3. The Attempt at a...