# Preparing Reactants and Making Products

• MysticDude
In summary, the conversation discusses the process of obtaining ammonium nitrate by using nitrogen gas, hydrogen gas, and oxygen gas. The equation for this process is 2N2 + 4H2 + 3O2 -> (NH4)2(NO3)2. The individual steps involved in this process are also mentioned, including the formation of nonmetal oxides and the preparation of nitric acid. The correct formula for ammonium nitrate is NH4NO3. The conversation also raises questions about the existence of certain elements and the process of preparing ammonium nitrate using nitric acid.
MysticDude
Gold Member

## Homework Statement

1) Having nitrogen gas, hydrogen gas, and oxygen gas, obtains ammonium nitrate (write down the equation for each step).

## Homework Equations

Nitrogen gas = N2
Hydrogen gas = H2
Oxygen gas = O2

## The Attempt at a Solution

So we have 2N2 + 4H2 + 3O2 -> (NH4)2(NO3)2 but we have to prepare it.

Well, I know that having a Nonmetal + Oxygen makes a Nonmetal Oxide.
So I'm thinking of making 2NO3 first.
So then I would have N2 + 4H2 + 2NO3.
I'm not sure that just doing N2 + 4H2 will make NH4. After that, will 2NH4+ 2NO3 even make the correct product?

Thanks for any help!

What is ammonium nitrate? What is its correct formula? How is it obtained not starting from th elements, but from reagents that are present in almost any lab?

Ammonium nitrate is a salt.
NH4NO3.
I can't really answer the last question.

Does something like NO3 exists?

Does something like NH4 exists?

Ammonium nitrate is a salt, it means it can be prepared using nitric acid. How?

I appreciate your attempt at solving this problem. However, there are a few things that need to be clarified. Firstly, the equation you have written down is not balanced. The correct balanced equation for the reaction is:

NH3 + 2HNO3 -> (NH4)NO3

This means that for every one molecule of ammonia (NH3), we need two molecules of nitric acid (HNO3) to produce one molecule of ammonium nitrate ((NH4)NO3).

Also, in the homework statement, it is mentioned that we have nitrogen gas (N2), hydrogen gas (H2), and oxygen gas (O2). In your attempt, you have used nitric acid (HNO3) which is a liquid and cannot be obtained from these gases.

To prepare the reactants, we can use the Haber process, which is the industrial method for producing ammonia. In this process, nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas are reacted in the presence of a catalyst at high pressure and temperature to produce ammonia gas. The equation for this reaction is:

N2 + 3H2 -> 2NH3

Once we have ammonia gas, we can then react it with nitric acid to produce ammonium nitrate. The final balanced equation would be:

NH3 + 2HNO3 -> (NH4)NO3

Overall, the process can be summarized as follows:

N2 + 3H2 -> 2NH3 (Haber process)
NH3 + 2HNO3 -> (NH4)NO3 (production of ammonium nitrate)

I hope this helps clarify the steps needed to prepare the reactants and produce the product. Keep up the good work in your scientific studies!

## What is the purpose of preparing reactants and making products?

The purpose of preparing reactants and making products is to create a chemical reaction that transforms the reactants into the desired products. This process is essential in various fields such as pharmaceuticals, food production, and materials manufacturing.

## How do you prepare reactants for a chemical reaction?

Reactants can be prepared by measuring and combining the appropriate amounts of chemicals in the correct ratios. It is also important to ensure that the reactants are pure and free of contaminants, as this can affect the outcome of the reaction.

## What factors should be considered when choosing reactants?

When choosing reactants, several factors should be considered, such as the desired products, reaction conditions, and potential hazards. It is essential to select reactants that will produce the desired products efficiently and safely.

## What techniques are used to make products from reactants?

Some common techniques used to make products from reactants include mixing, heating, and cooling. Other techniques such as distillation, filtration, and chromatography may also be used to separate and purify the products.

## Why is it important to carefully control the reaction conditions when making products?

Controlling the reaction conditions is crucial as it can significantly impact the outcome of the reaction. Factors such as temperature, pressure, and pH can affect the rate and selectivity of the reaction, ultimately determining the quality and yield of the final product.

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