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Consider an ideal gas of N identical particles in a volume V, and a subvolume v. The chance a molecule is in inside the subvolume is P = v/V.

a) What is the chance the subvolume contains n particles?

b) Use the binomial theorem [tex](p + q)^N = \sum_{n = 0}^N p^n q^{N-n} \frac{N!}{n!(N-n)!}[/tex] for random p and q to calculate the average number of particles [tex]\langle n\rangle[/tex] and the variance [tex]\sigma^2 = \langle n^2 \rangle - \langle n \rangle^2[/tex]

Anyone who could give me a nudge in the right direction?

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# Probabilities and binomial theorem

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