(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Suppose that the Earth is a sphere with a radius of [tex]6371 \text{ km}[/tex] and that its uniform density is worth [tex]5517 \text{ kg}/m^3[/tex]. Suppose also that the acceleration of the gravity on its surface is [tex]g=9.80665 m/s^2[/tex]. Calculate the value of the universal gravitation constant.

(The answer should be [tex]G=6.672 \cdot 10^{-11}Nm^2/kg^2[/tex].)

2. Relevant equations[tex]F_g=\frac{GM_Em}{R_E^2}[/tex].

3. The attempt at a solution

Using simple very well known formulae, I could determine the mass of the Earth to be about [tex]5.97 \cdot 10^{24}kg[/tex].

From [tex]F_g=\frac{GM_Em}{R_E^2}[/tex] I got that [tex]G=\frac{R_E^2F_g}{M_Em}[/tex]. Now the problem is that I got [tex]G=6.6607246 \cdot 10^{-11}m^3/(kg^2s^2)=6.6607246 \cdot 10^{-11}Nm^2/kg^2[/tex] as I should but I reached this because I supposed that in the formula m=1kg and the body whose mass is 1kg is on the ground of the Earth. Why do I reach the result when I supposed that there is a mass of 1kg on the ground? Because to use the formula you have to have 2 bodies, the Earth and another body. In my case I supposed it was a body with a mass of 1kg and it worked. But if it had a different mass the result would have been totally different. Also, there's no mention of another body (nor even the formula to calculate the universal gravitational constant) in the statement of the problem. I'm certainly missing plenty of things... Could you explain to me what I don't understand? Thanks in advance.

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# Homework Help: Problem Physics I : gravitation

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