# Projectile Motion/ Explosion Mid air

• RED119
In summary, the second piece of the homework exploded away from the original explosion with a velocity of 80m/s.
RED119

## Homework Statement

So in the problem there is a projectile that is in the air and has no forces acting up, only the -9.8 acceleration down, the projectile is at the maximum height of say 10m and at this height (with a horizontal acceleration of around 40 m/s) explodes into two even 20g pieces (original mass is 40g, not sure where the energy for the explosion is coming from since all the mass is conserved and non is converted in a chemical reaction to release heat or energy, instructor said to ignore it), one of the pieces now has 0 acceleration horizontally, what is the distance the second piece traveled from the explosion?

## Homework Equations

W =FxCos KE = 12mv2 KE = KEf-KEi

WTotal=KE

PEg=mgh PEg=mgy

PEs=12kx2 PEs=PEsf-PEsi

ME = KE+PEg+PEs

KEi+PEgi+PEsi=KEf+PEgf+PEsf

ME = Wfriction

p = mv p = pf-pi

I = p I = F*t

## The Attempt at a Solution

So... my basic ideas of physics (which could be misguided here) are telling me that if the mass is halved and the same force is imparted on that new lighter object that got a heavier object to accelerate to X (40m/s) then the new acceleration of the lighter object will need to be greater than X. My issue is I am not sure how to figure out that initial force or whether I am even on the right track here...

The last part I am pretty sure is just you figure out how long it would be in the air for (free fall conditions, so pretty easy, then take that and plug it into what you found about its acceleration and figure out how far the delta X is in that time-frame to get that answer

Last edited:
RED119 said:
with a horizontal acceleration of around 40 m/s
You mean horizontal velocity, of course.
Is anything conserved just before and just after this explosion?

kuruman said:
You mean horizontal velocity, of course.
Is anything conserved just before and just after this explosion?
This is all the information that is given, unless you're getting at that the momentum is conserved?

RED119 said:
This is all the information that is given, unless you're getting at that the momentum is conserved?
That's what I am getting at. Explosions are like inelastic collisions with time running backwards. If inelastic collisions conserve momentum, so do explosions. Can you write a momentum conservation equation (or two) for this case?

kuruman said:
That's what I am getting at. Explosions are like inelastic collisions with time running backwards. If inelastic collisions conserve momentum, so do explosions. Can you write a momentum conservation equation (or two) for this case?
So if I did this right the momentum is 1600 for the first interaction, so it needs to be equal to the momentum after the explosion, so the stationary block has a momentum of zero, so I got 20X = 1600. Divide by 20 and get 80m/s for the velocity?

RED119 said:
Divide by 20 and get 80m/s for the velocity?
That is correct. You can see that immediately because all of the initial horizontal momentum is transferred to half the mass. Therefore the velocity of the fragment will be twice the initial velocity. Can you finish the problem now?

kuruman said:
That is correct. You can see that immediately because all of the initial horizontal momentum is transferred to half the mass. Therefore the velocity of the fragment will be twice the initial velocity. Can you finish the problem now?
I can, thanks so much for the time and help

## 1. What is projectile motion?

Projectile motion is the motion of an object that is launched or thrown and moves through the air under the force of gravity. The object follows a curved path, known as a parabola.

## 2. What factors affect projectile motion?

The factors that affect projectile motion include the initial velocity, angle of launch, air resistance, and the force of gravity. These factors determine the shape and distance of the object's trajectory.

## 3. How does air resistance affect projectile motion?

Air resistance, also known as drag, is a force that opposes the motion of an object through the air. It affects projectile motion by slowing down the speed of the object and altering its trajectory. Objects with a larger surface area experience more air resistance.

## 4. What is the relationship between the angle of launch and the range of a projectile?

The angle of launch, also known as the angle of elevation, is the angle at which a projectile is launched. The range of a projectile is the horizontal distance it travels before reaching the ground. The optimal angle of launch for maximum range is 45 degrees.

## 5. How does an explosion mid-air affect projectile motion?

An explosion mid-air can affect projectile motion by altering the initial velocity and direction of the object. The explosion can also create air resistance, which can change the object's trajectory. Additionally, the force of the explosion may cause the object to break apart into smaller projectiles with their own individual paths.

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