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Homework Help: Proof that (n+1)/(3n-1) converges to 1/3

  1. May 3, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    prove (n+1)/(3n+1) converges to 1/3

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    I have been trying to figure this out for a while. I started out

    (n+1)/3n+1)-1/3=(2n+2)/(9n-3) now I don't know how to proceed with the proof. What do I set N equal to? And then how do work it back into my inequality chain? Working this out step by step would be greatly appreciated.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. May 3, 2010 #2

    radou

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    Homework Helper

    Hint: L'Hôpital's rule.
     
  4. May 3, 2010 #3
    how does L'Hopital's rule get incorporated into a formal proof for a sequence converging. I don't understand
     
  5. May 3, 2010 #4

    HallsofIvy

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    Science Advisor

    Are you required to use an "N-[itex]\epsilon[/itex]" proof? If not, then you can use L'Hopital's rule- although even then, I would consider it "overkill". If you are not required to use L'Hopital, just divide both numerator and denominator by n and use the fact that [itex]1/n\to 0[/itex] as n goes to infinity.

    If you are required to use "N-[itex]\epsilon[/itex]":

    To start with you are completly wrong in saying that (n+1)/3n+1)-1/3=(2n+2)/(9n-3). I presume the denominator, 9n-3 instead of 9n+3, is a typos but even so,
    [tex]\frac{n+1}{3n+1}- \frac{1}{3}= \frac{3(n+ 1)- (3n+1)(1)}{3(3n+ 1)}= \frac{3n+ 3-3n-1}{9n+ 3}= \frac{2}{9n+1}[/tex]

    That is, you need to make
    [tex]\left|\frac{n+1}{3n+1}- \frac{1}{3}\right|= \frac{2}{9n+1}< \epsilon[/tex]

    it should be easy to continue from there.
     
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