Properties of a volume in 3D Euclidean space

  • Thread starter mikeph
  • Start date
  • #1
1,234
18
Hello,

I am writing a small report and trying to be mathematically accurate in my terminology- I am trying to describe an arbitrary volume of gas, but this volume must (1) not have any holes (or bubbles where the gas cannot go) in it, and (2) must be one single volume, so a gas molecule from any point can reach any other point without jumping.

Am I right in thinking the second condition is satisfied if the volume is "connected"?
What is the first condition described by?

It can be any shape, just no holes.

Thanks,
Mike


edit- Also I am considering a third condition, that (3) any straight line passing through the volume only crosses two boundaries- for example a skewer through a donut can cross four times if you poke it through a line in the 'plane' of the donut. Is there a word for this? I think it may relate to the curvature of the edge surface, must be positive or zero everywhere?
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
5
0
I am trying to describe an arbitrary volume of gas, but this volume must (1) not have any holes (or bubbles where the gas cannot go) in it, and (2) must be one single volume, so a gas molecule from any point can reach any other point without jumping.Am I right in thinking the second condition is satisfied if the volume is "connected"? What is the first condition described by?
It can be any shape, just no holes.
Genus 0.
edit- Also I am considering a third condition, that (3) any straight line passing through the volume only crosses two boundaries- for example a skewer through a donut can cross four times if you poke it through a line in the 'plane' of the donut. Is there a word for this? I think it may relate to the curvature of the edge surface, must be positive or zero everywhere?
You don't want that to be zero if you only want two points. 'Strictly convex' is the term you are looking for.
 
  • #3
1,234
18
How about a box, though, the curvature should be zero everywhere, and that's a realistic example for me, where you can't have more than two points?
 
  • #4
5
0
Then use 'convex'. This includes zero curvature. And doesn't need 'genus 0'.
 

Related Threads on Properties of a volume in 3D Euclidean space

Replies
1
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
7K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
2K
  • Last Post
Replies
11
Views
4K
Replies
14
Views
3K
  • Last Post
Replies
2
Views
1K
Replies
13
Views
6K
Replies
0
Views
2K
Replies
9
Views
2K
Top