# Homework Help: REALLY NEED A PHYSICS EXPERT IN CIRCUITS, if you can help

1. Oct 29, 2006

### jevan025

REALLY NEED A PHYSICS EXPERT IN CIRCUITS, if you can help!!!

hey everyone, this is an extra credit problem which i really need to get in order to pass this class! haha i did horrible on 1 of my 3 tests!
But yeah any help would be MUCH appreciated, thanks!
here's a link to the problem
http://www.physics.odu.edu/~hoy/232Bonus Problem.pdf

Last edited by a moderator: Apr 22, 2017
2. Oct 29, 2006

### Office_Shredder

Staff Emeritus
Use your knowledge of circuits to write out as many equations as possible that have I1,2,3 in them. You should be able to set up enough equations to solve for the I's relatively easily.... once you have all the equations, if you still need more help, post what you have here. Keep in mind I = dq/dt

3. Oct 29, 2006

### andrevdh

I would think that the potential over the capacitor need to be the same as that over R2.

4. Oct 29, 2006

### andrevdh

When the switch is closed the capacitor in effect shorts R2 out. This means that the current in the circuit is determined by R1 giving I1 = I2.

At the other end the current Iq will eventully be zero. This means that we again will have that I1 = I2 with the same potential over the capacitor and the potential over R2 the same as the capacitor is fully charged up. At this point the current will be Io = I1 = I2 = E/(R1+R2). Giving for the potential over the fully charged capacitor Vo = Io x R2.

5. Oct 29, 2006

### Office_Shredder

Staff Emeritus
Look again andrevdh... at the beginning, I1 = Iq and at the end I1 = I2

6. Oct 29, 2006

### jevan025

oh man im so confused, does anyone have an aim sn?

7. Oct 29, 2006

### Office_Shredder

Staff Emeritus
jevan, if you had a circuit with just a capacitor on it, would you know how to solve that?

8. Oct 30, 2006

### jevan025

im getting confused at the part where the current moves in 2 directions. all we were taught in the class were the loop rule and junction rule. since there are no junctions in this problem, im assuming we use the loop rule. also another part im getting confused with is the switch that is open on the bottom left. could you give me a run through on how i would go about to solve for the equations?

9. Oct 30, 2006

### andrevdh

Yes, thank you, that is what I actually intended to write.

So at $$t = 0$$ we have that

$$I_o = I_1 = I_q = \frac{\mathcal{E}}{R_1}$$

and after a very long time (infinity) we have that $$I_q = 0$$ so that

$$I_i = I_1 = I_2 = \frac{\mathcal{E}}{R_1 + R_2}$$

In between we know that

$$I_1 = I_2 + I_q$$

and that

$$V_{R2} = V_C$$

Last edited: Oct 31, 2006
10. Oct 30, 2006

### jevan025

so where do we use diff eq to solve?

11. Oct 31, 2006

### andrevdh

With the switch open the capacitor will discharge through R2. So when the switch is closed the capacitor presents no "resistance" to the flow of current. That is it shorts R2 out by absorbing the flow of current into its plates. This can also be understood via the fact that the potential over the capacitor is zero when the switch is closed (it has been discharged). This means that the only resistance in the circuit at that point is R1. So the current through the circuit will be

$$I_o = \frac{E}{R_1} = I_1 = I_q$$

The function of R1 is therefore to limit the intial current flowing in the circuit when the switch is closed. Since there is no potential over R2 at this point (discharged capacitor) we have that

$$I_2 = 0$$

when the switch is thrown.

12. Oct 31, 2006

### andrevdh

The capacitor will charge up to the "final voltage over R2".
At this point

$$I_q = 0$$

so we have that

$$V_{2i} = I_i R_2$$

with $$I_i$$ as in post #9 (i referst to when time = infinity)

The cap will therefore charge up through R1 according to

$$V_C = V_{2i} \left( 1 - e^{-\frac{ t }{\tau}\right) = V_2$$

where

$$\tau = R_1 C$$

Use the loop rule to set up the equations.

The charge, $$I_q$$, will flow into the capacitor as it charges up to $$V_{2i}$$.

Last edited: Oct 31, 2006
13. Oct 31, 2006

### Integral

Staff Emeritus
the way I read the problem he needs to derive the Differential equation for which you have provided the solution.
Can you shed any light on the DiffEq?

14. Nov 1, 2006

### andrevdh

Note that

$$V_2 = V_C$$

which gives us that

$$I_2 R_2 = \frac{q}{C}$$

from which it follows that

$$\frac{dq_2}{dt} = \frac{q}{R_2C}$$

using

$$I_1 = I_2 + I_q$$

we get that

$$\frac{dq_1}{dt} = \frac{q}{R_2C} + \frac{dq}{dt}$$

applying the loop rule over R1 and C gives

$$\mathcal{E} = R_1 I_1 + \frac{q}{C}$$

using the above this comes to

$$\frac{\mathcal{E}}{R_1} = \left( \frac{1}{R_2 C} + \frac{1}{R_1 C} \right)q +\frac{dq}{dt}$$

Last edited: Nov 1, 2006
15. Nov 1, 2006

### jevan025

Thank You Very Much