A Second Order Differential equation Bessel-type

1. Sep 14, 2016

Juan Carlos

Hello!

Im trying to solve this second order differential equation:

\begin{equation*}
-\dfrac{d^2y}{dx^2}+\dfrac{3}{x}\dfrac{dy}{dx}+(x^2+gx^4+2)y=0
\end{equation*}

Any idea?

Maybe it could be converted to a Bessel-like equation (?) with an appropriate change of variables.

The equation arises when your are considering a -2 dimensional (yes!, its correct: "Negative dimension") anhamonic oscillator.

Thanks!

2. Sep 15, 2016

Ssnow

Hi, there is a proposition that says, if you have an equation of this kind:

$y''+P(x)y'+Q(x)y=0$
where $P$ and $Q$ continuous on $I$ and if $\lambda(x)$ is a particular solution with $\lambda(x)\not=0$, then the general solution is:

$y(x)=\lambda(x)\left(c_{1}+c_{2}\int\frac{e^{-\int P(x)dx}}{\lambda(x)^2}dx\right)$

where $c_{1},c_{2}$ are constants.

So you can start to search a particular solution and then apply this...

3. Sep 16, 2016

the_wolfman

I not sure how helpful this will be, but I think you're equation is a general confluent hypergeometric differential equation: http://mathworld.wolfram.com/GeneralConfluentHypergeometricDifferentialEquation.html.

The general solutions are:

$y_1 = x^{-A} e^{-m\left(x\right)} F\left(a;b; h\left(x\right)\right)$
$y_2 = x^{-A} e^{-m\left(x\right)} U\left(a;b; h\left(x\right)\right)$

where $F\left(a;b;h\left(x\right)\right)$ and $U\left(a;b;h\left(x\right)\right)$ are confluent hypergeometric functions of the first and second kind.
Admittedly it can be challenging to identify the functions $m\left(x\right)$ and $h\left(x\right)$ . I'd try a few simple functions to see if you can make it work.

Alternatively what is the constant g? Is it a small number? Can you use a perturbative expansion to find an approximate solution?

4. Sep 18, 2016

Juan Carlos

Variation of parameters! I'll give it a try!

Thanks

5. Sep 18, 2016

Juan Carlos

Thanks I will try with this "factorization" procedure.

6. Oct 21, 2016