Differential Definition and 65 Discussions

In mathematics, a differential equation is an equation that relates one or more functions and their derivatives. In applications, the functions generally represent physical quantities, the derivatives represent their rates of change, and the differential equation defines a relationship between the two. Such relations are common; therefore, differential equations play a prominent role in many disciplines including engineering, physics, economics, and biology.
Mainly the study of differential equations consists of the study of their solutions (the set of functions that satisfy each equation), and of the properties of their solutions. Only the simplest differential equations are solvable by explicit formulas; however, many properties of solutions of a given differential equation may be determined without computing them exactly.
Often when a closed-form expression for the solutions is not available, solutions may be approximated numerically using computers. The theory of dynamical systems puts emphasis on qualitative analysis of systems described by differential equations, while many numerical methods have been developed to determine solutions with a given degree of accuracy.

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  1. MichaelBack12

    Best way to teach myself differential forms?

    Any suggestions? Online courses or videos?
  2. Differential (steering gear box)

    Differential (steering gear box)

    Around the corner how a differential steering works 1975 ! Engineering Books Join our group : https://www.facebook.com/groups/2373375319542186/
  3. nomadreid

    I Did von Neumann coin the eth or dyet for the inexact differential?

    Today the inexact differential is usually denoted with δ, but in a text by a Russian author I found a dyet (D-with stroke, crossed-D) instead: In response to my question to the author about this deviation from normal usage, he stated that this was a suggestion from von Neumann. (Which of course...
  4. C

    Differential Integration Problem

    Attempt at solution: Writing the chain rule for ## E(V,T) ##: ## dE = \frac{\partial E}{\partial T}dT + \frac{\partial E}{\partial V}dV ## Then, integrating the differential: ## \int{ dE } = \int{ \frac{\partial E}{\partial T}dT } + \int{ \frac{\partial E}{\partial V}dV } ## If I put the...
  5. Protea Grandiceps

    I X variable in damping force equation for damped oscillation?

    Hi, for ease of reference this posting is segmented into : 1. Background 2. Focus 3. Question 1. Background: Regarding (one, linear, second-order, homogeneous, ordinary, differential) equation describing the force in a non-driven, damped oscillation: F = m.a = -k.x - b.v F =...
  6. Q

    I Deriving the spherical volume element

    I’m trying to derive the infinitesimal volume element in spherical coordinates. Obviously there are several ways to do this. The way I was attempting it was to start with the cartesian volume element, dxdydz, and transform it using $$dxdydz = \left (\frac{\partial x}{\partial r}dr +...
  7. Cathr

    I Integrating a differential

    Let's say we have ##df=2xy^3dx + 3x^2y^2dy## - this is an exact differential. In integrating, to find f, can we write ## f = \int 2xy^3 \, dx + \int 3x^2y^2 \, dy = 2x^2y^3 + C ## Or am I getting it wrong?
  8. L

    B Line Integral, Dot Product Confusion

    From my interpretation of this problem (image attached), the force applied to the point charge is equal and opposite to the repulsive Coulomb force that that point charge is experiencing due to the presence of the other point charge so that the point charge may be moved at a constant velocity. I...
  9. M

    A Differentiability of a function between manifolds

    Hello, let $$M^n \subset \mathbb{R}^N$$ $$N^k \subset \mathbb{R}^K$$ be two submanifolds. We say a function $$f : M \rightarrow N$$ is differentiable if and only if for every map $$(U,\varphi)$$ of M the transformation $$f \circ \varphi^{-1}: \varphi(U) \subset \mathbb{R}^N \rightarrow...
  10. C

    I Christoffel symbols knowing Line Element (check my result)

    Hi! I'm asked to find all the non-zero Christoffel symbols given the following line element: ds^2=2x^2dx^2+y^4dy^2+2xy^2dxdy The result I have obtained is that the only non-zero component of the Christoffel symbols is: \Gamma^x_{xx}=\frac{1}{x} Is this correct? MY PROCEDURE HAS BEEN: the...
  11. komarxian

    Differential Equations: Solve the following

    Homework Statement Solve the following differential equations/initial value problems: (cosx) y' + (sinx) y = sin2x Homework Equations I've been attempting to use the trig ID sin2x = 2sinxcosx. I am also trying to solve this problem by using p(x)/P(x) and Q(x) The Attempt at a Solution...
  12. komarxian

    Differential Equations, solve the following: y^(4) - y'' - 2y' +2y = 0

    Homework Statement Solve the following differential equations/initial value problem: y^(4) - y'' - 2y' +2y = 0 Hint: e^-x sinx is a solution Homework Equations I was attempting to solve this problem by using a characteristic equation. The Attempt at a Solution y'''' -y'' -2y' + 2y = 0 -->...
  13. M

    I Heat equation plus a constant

    I have seen how to solve the heat equation: $$ \frac{ \partial^2 u(x,t) }{\partial x^2} = k^2 \frac{ \partial u(x,t) }{\partial t} $$ With boundary conditions. I use separation variables to find the result, but i dont know how to solve the equation plus a...
  14. S

    How to calculate total cross section from differential cross section

    I was doing the calculations for this: http://fermi.la.asu.edu/PHY531/cylinder/index.html But I can't figure out how to go from \frac{d\sigma}{d\phi} to the total cross section. My guess was that you did the integral from \phi=0 to \phi=2\pi, but that's not helping since I can't tell either how...
  15. H

    Find the derivative of this function

    Homework Statement $$y = x.\log_e {\sqrt{x}}$$ Homework Equations f(x) = g(x) h(x) f ' (x) = g ' (x) . h (x) - h ' (x) . g(x) The Attempt at a Solution $$y = x .\log_e {\sqrt {x}}$$ $$y '(x) = 1.ln \sqrt{x} + \frac{1}{2} $$ the right answer is $$ y ' = \log_{10} {\sqrt{x}} + \frac{1}{2} $$...
  16. Adgorn

    I Differentials of order 2 or bigger that are equal to 0

    So I've seen in several lectures and explanations the idea that when you have an equation containing a relation between certain expressions ##x## and ##y##, if the expression ##x## approaches 0 (and ##y## is scaled down accordingly) then any power of that expression bigger than 2 (##x^n## where...
  17. Alexander350

    B Solving a differential equation with a unit vector in it

    I need to solve: \dot{\mathbf{r}}=-kv\hat{r} - \dot{\mathbf{r}_s} However, I do not know how to deal with the fact that there is a unit vector. How can this be done? \dot{\mathbf{r}_s} is a constant vector.
  18. Alexander350

    Modelling water tanks

    I tried using the Bernoulli equation to solve this. I took two points at the surface of the water in both the containers and formed this equation: gh_{b}=\frac{1}{2}v^2+gh This is assuming that the velocity of the water in the large tank is approximately zero and using the fact that both the...
  19. A

    Help with mass-spring modeling problem

    Homework Statement Suppose at time zero, the bob was drawn upward four units from the equilibrium position, let C=2, K=2, m=1 lbm, initial speed=2 unit/sec find an expression for body's position. and in the solution it says: y''+6y'+5y=0 my question is: from where does the numbers (6) and (5)...
  20. W

    Differential Equations: LRC

    Homework Statement How does one show that q(t) is indeed a solution? Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution My current idea is that i should come up with any form of solution, like q = Acos(ωt), and slot it in the RHS. Reason being that if q is indeed a solution, the result of the...
  21. S

    B Some help understanding integrals and calculus in general

    So in differential calculus we have the concept of the derivative and I can see why someone would want a derivative (to get rates of change). In integral calculus, there's the idea of a definite integral, which is defined as the area under the curve. Why would Newton or anyone be looking at the...
  22. O

    How to solve the differential equation for driven series RLC circuit?

    Homework Statement It is the driven series RLC circuit. It is given in the following images. It is from the section 12.3 in this note. Homework Equations The differential equation, as given by 12.3.3, is ##L \frac{d^2 Q}{d t^2} + R \frac{d Q}{d t} + \frac{Q}{C} = V_0 \sin{(\omega t)}##...
  23. I

    Vector differential displacement - Magnetic vector potential

    Homework Statement http://imgur.com/a/k7fwG Find the vector magnetic potential at point P1. Homework Equations Vector magnetic potential given by: $$ d \bar{A} = \frac{\mu I d\bar{l'}}{4 \pi | \bar{r} - \bar{r'} | } $$ The Attempt at a Solution I split up the problem in 3 parts, first...
  24. M

    Properties of Solutions of Matrix ODEs

    Homework Statement We assume from ODE theory that given a smooth A: I → gl(n;R) there exists a unique smooth solution F : I → gl(n;R), defined on the same interval I on which A is defined, of the initial value problem F' = FA and F(t0) = F0 ∈ gl(n;R) given. (i) Show that two solutions Fi : I...
  25. M

    Frenet Frame

    Homework Statement The Frenet frame of a curve in R 3 . For a regular plane curve (and more generally for a regular curve on a 2-dimensional surface - e.g. the 2-sphere above) we could construct a unique adapted frame F. This is not the case for curves in higher dimensional spaces. Besides the...
  26. M

    Various Properties of Space Curve...*Really need help*

    Homework Statement Let γ : I → R3 be an arclength parametrized curve whose image lies in the 2-sphere S2 , i.e. ||γ(t)||2 = 1 for all t ∈ I. Consider the “moving basis” {T, γ × T, γ} where T = γ'. (i) Writing the moving basis as a 3 × 3 matrix F := (T, γ × T, γ) (where we think of T and etc...
  27. J

    Find A and B so that F(x) is a Differentiable Function

    Homework Statement Find the values of a and b that make f a differentiable function. Note: F(x) is a piecewise function f(x): Ax^2 - Bx, X ≤ 1 Alnx + B, X > 1 Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution Made the two equations equal each other. Ax^2 - Bx = Alnx + B Inserting x=1 gives, A -...
  28. M

    Proving basic linear ODE results

    Homework Statement Please bear with the length of this post, I'm taking it one step at a time starting with i) Let A: I → gl(n, R) be a smooth function where I ⊂ R is an interval and gl(n, R) denotes the vector space of all n × n matrices. (i) If F : I → gl(n, R) satisfies the matrix ODE F'...
  29. Math Henry

    Differentiation question

    Homework Statement [/B] Summarizing: two civilizations hate each other, one of the civilizations throws a curse at the second. The second civilization succumbs to chaos and has a change in Population each week of ΔP= -√P. That is: Pn = Pn-1-√Pn-1 Homework Equations [/B] Considering that the...
  30. Duke Le

    Where is wrong in this proof for rotational inertia ?

    Homework Statement Prove the formula for inertia of a ring (2D circle) about its central axis. Homework Equations I = MR^2 Where: M: total mass of the ring R: radius of the ring The Attempt at a Solution - So I need to prove the formula above. - First, I divide the ring into 4...
  31. W

    2nd Order Linear ODE-Derivation of system-issue

    Homework Statement How exactly they combined equation1 and equation2 and got that system? I don't get that part. Homework Equations A*(dy/dt)= -k*y eq1 A*(dz/dt)=ky-kz eq2 The Attempt at a Solution I tried substituting the 1st ky in the 2nd equation and then differentiating but I don't...
  32. J

    Analysis Books on solving DE with infinite series?

    Hi folks, I was wondering if there are books that explain how to solve differential equations using infinite series. I know it is possible to do it since Poincaré used that method. Do you know which ones are the best? I find books on infinite series but they talk just about series...
  33. J

    Matrix riccati differential equation using matlab

    Homework Statement Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution
  34. funlord

    B Where is the best place to put the arbitrary constant?

    I am having trouble to where to put the arbitrary constant in solving order differential equations. Because sometimes when I am solving, I can't really where to put the arbitrary constant if it is either the left side or right side. I am only at equations of order one. Plss keep it simple...
  35. funlord

    I I can't understand the fact

    I can's understand the fact about the equation i cant prove the equation from the first attachment to the second attachment pls help. Sorry for bad english
  36. F

    I How to interpret the differential of a function

    In elementary calculus (and often in courses beyond) we are taught that a differential of a function, ##df## quantifies an infinitesimal change in that function. However, the notion of an infinitesimal is not well-defined and is nonsensical (I mean, one cannot define it in terms of a limit, and...
  37. Jose Z

    Help Solving the following Differential equation

    Homework Statement Solve (x-1)y''-xy'+y=0 , given x>1 and y1=ex Homework Equations The Attempt at a Solution I've tried solving it by multiplying everythin for (1/x-1), so my equation looks like: y''-(x/x-1)y'+y=0 (because x-1 is unequal to 0) (1) so now the equation has...
  38. Cincin

    Difficult integral - Falling mass

    Homework Statement Solve the differential equation, dt/dv= 1/g (1/1-a^2*v^2) where a = (k/mg)^1/2 to yield v= 1/a(1-e^-2agt/1+e^-2agt). Homework Equations F=ma Newton's 2nd Law Integration Laws The Attempt at a Solution See image. I think I'm getting messed up on the integration laws.
  39. Geologist180

    Tricky question regarding Inverse functions

    Homework Statement Suppose that f has an inverse and f(-4)=2, f '(-4)=2/5. If G= (1/f-1) what is g '(2) ? If it helps the answer is (-5/32) Homework Equations [/B] f-1'(b)=1/(f')(a) The Attempt at a Solution Im not really sure how to start this problem. I am familiar with how to use the...
  40. B

    A Differential Equations not solvable

    In the first image it shows the ##\alpha^2-w_0^2<0## situation whereas in the second image the situation is when ##\alpha^2-w_0^2=0##.The problem is the book says to use ##T_0=2\pi/w_0## to determine diabetes but you can't do that when ##\alpha^2-w_0^2=0## because it can't be put into a cosine...
  41. H

    Automotive How do Center differentials work

    Greetings all, In my quest to imagine the ultimate sportscar, I began to wonder about the following: Certain cars are All Wheel Driven (AWD) and they do so via a Center differential delivering power to both axles. Amongst those cars, some have fixed Torque Bias/Split Ratio, which doesn't alter...
  42. B

    Wronskian and differential equations

    Homework Statement The problems are in the uploaded file. 18) satisfies the differential equation y''+p(t)*y'+q(t)*y=0 p(t) and q(t) are continuous Homework Equations Wronskian of y1 and y2 The Attempt at a Solution 18) I don't really get this one 19) Solved most but at the end, where I...
  43. W

    Bungee jump -> differential equation -> simulink simulation

    Hello guys, I found this forum using google because I need help with simulating bungee jump model. I've already done that with zero initial values and it looks good but I want it more realistic : Let's say L is the lenght of rope so elasticity force starts acting when y=L so logically time...
  44. C

    Pressure Testing (furnace installation leak)

    Chasing a ghost perhaps but in the process of pressure testing a simple propane furnace installation I installed a water Column pressure gauge. Over a period of 11 hours the pressure gauge reading will go from 10" WC to 0" WC. In the course of trying to understand this I installed a manometer...
  45. E

    Solve coupled nonlinear differential equations

    Good evening I have these coupled equations and was wondering if there is any chance solving them analytically. If not, how would you approach it numerically? (shown in attachment) Thank you very much
  46. Y

    Solving an RC circuit using explicit euler

    Homework Statement Hi there. I have a simple RC circuit with a battery voltage of 10 V, R = 1 Ω, C = 1 F and a switch. I want to use the Explicit Euler (forward divided difference) to solve the equation and check for stability, rather than using a ODE. I am finding the equation for when the...
  47. Vinay080

    What is the Euler's stand on infinitesimals?

    Euler was the master in analysisng anything. This can be seen in his words in the preface of his book "Mmathematica" (translated by Ian Bruce), where he speaks on the text of Hermann "Phoronomiam": Euler has given many insightful words on analysisng things in his preface of many other books...
  48. wololo

    Circular motion with friction differential equation

    Homework Statement Homework Equations F=ma ac=v^2/r f=uN v=v0+at w=v/r The Attempt at a Solution v=v0+at v=vo+umv^2/r v^2(u/r)-v+vo=0 I don't see what differential equation i could use since the speed is dependent on the friction (equal to friction coeff times centripetal force) which in...
  49. P

    Series solution of de

    Hi guys, I was browsing in regards to differential equations, the non-linear de and came up with this site in facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nonlinearDE Are these people for real? Can just solve any DE like that, come up with a series? Not an expert in this area, so I do not know what if...
  50. B

    Definition of dx

    Homework Statement http://imgur.com/goozE9f Homework Equations ##(dx_i)_p i= 1,2,3## 3. The Attempt at a Solution [/B] I'm reading Manfredo and Do Carmo's Differential Forms and Applications. This is the very first page Would you mind explaining me what is meant by dx, as highlighted in the...