# Spin-dependent Hamiltonian of two particles

1. Jan 23, 2012

### Jufro

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
Two spin-half particles with spins S1 and S2 interact with a spin-dependent Hamiltonian H=λS1*S2 (the multiplication is a dot product and is a positive constant). Find the eigenstates and eigenvalues of H in terms of |m1,m2>, where (hbar)m1 and (hbar)m2 are the z-components of the two spins.

2. Relevant equations
Sx |m>=1/2(Sp-Ss) |m>
Sy |m>=1/2i(Sp+Ss) |m>
Sz |m>=(hbar)m |m>
Sp=(hbar)√[s(s+1)-m(m+1)]
Ss=(hbar)√[s(s+1)-m(m-1)]
3. The attempt at a solution
S1*S2=S1xS2x+S1yS2y+S1zS2z

S1x=S2x=S1y=S2y=0. I said this because the problem only mentioned z-component and most problems only talk about Sz.

H|m1,m2>=λSz1Sz1|m1,m2>

H |1/2,1/2> = λ*(hbar)^2 (1/2)(1/2) |1/2,1/2> = λ*(hbar)^2/4 |1/2,1/2>
H |-1/2,1/2> = λ*(hbar)^2 (-1/2)(1/2) |1/2,1/2> = -λ*(hbar)^2/4 |-1/2,1/2>
H |1/2,-1/2> = λ*(hbar)^2 (1/2)(-1/2) |1/2,1/2> = -λ*(hbar)^2/4 |1/2,-1/2>
H |-1/2,-1/2> = λ*(hbar)^2 (-1/2)(-1/2) |-1/2,-1/2> = λ*(hbar)^2/4 |-1/2,-1/2>

Is this my final answer? Am I close? Or was I completely off.

2. Jan 23, 2012

### vela

Staff Emeritus
Those are operators. You can't arbitrarily set them equal to 0.

Read about the addition of angular momentum. For this problem, consider $(\vec{S}_1 + \vec{S}_2)^2$.

3. Jan 23, 2012

### Jufro

I get what you are saying about the operators. That was just a bad attempt at trying to simply the problem. I get that (S1+S2)^2 would yield the total spin, but how would that play into the Hamiltonian.

4. Jan 23, 2012

### vela

Staff Emeritus
Expand $(\vec{S}_1 + \vec{S}_2)^2$ it out. What do you get?

5. Jan 24, 2012

### Jufro

Thank you, I had figured it out last night with your hint. The expansion leaves S1^2+S2^2+2S1S2. Then the dot product of S1S2 gave S1xS1y+S2xS2y+S1zS2z. The Z component was simple that was the m(hbar) and the x and y components I wrote in terms of the ladder operators. Thanks again :)

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