# Statistical Significance: Manufacturer's Claim Rejected?

• MHB
• rainbow1
In summary, the conversation was about a manufacturer's claim that only 1% of their laptops are defective. However, in a sample of 600 laptops, it was found that 3% were defective. The question posed was whether there is statistically significant evidence against the manufacturer's claim. It was concluded that the likelihood of getting such a large proportion of defective laptops in the sample if the claim were true is very low, suggesting that there is indeed statistically significant evidence against the claim.
rainbow1
form a conclusion about statistical significance. Do not make any formal calculations. Either use the results provided or make subjective judgments about the results.

a manufacturer of laptop computers claims that only 1% of their computers are defective. In a sample of 600 computers, it was found that 3% were defective. If the proportion of defectives were really only 1%, there would be less than 1 chance in 1000 of getting such a large proportion of defective laptops in the sample. Is there statistically significant evidence against the manufacturer's claim ? Why or why not?

"If the proportion of defectives were really only 1%, there would be less than 1 chance in 1000 of getting such a large proportion of defective laptops in the sample. "

So what do you think? Is getting a result that is so unlikely to happen by chance "statistically significant"?

## 1. What is statistical significance?

Statistical significance is a measure of the likelihood that the results of a study or experiment are not due to chance. It is typically expressed as a p-value, which is the probability of obtaining results at least as extreme as the observed results, assuming the null hypothesis is true.

## 2. How is statistical significance determined?

Statistical significance is determined by comparing the p-value to a predetermined threshold, usually 0.05. If the p-value is less than 0.05, the results are considered statistically significant and the null hypothesis is rejected. If the p-value is greater than 0.05, the results are not considered statistically significant and the null hypothesis is not rejected.

## 3. What does it mean when a manufacturer's claim is rejected due to lack of statistical significance?

When a manufacturer's claim is rejected due to lack of statistical significance, it means that there is not enough evidence to support the claim. The results of the study or experiment did not show a significant difference between the manufacturer's claim and the actual results, and therefore the claim cannot be considered valid.

## 4. Can a study still have important findings even if the results are not statistically significant?

Yes, a study can still have important findings even if the results are not statistically significant. Statistical significance is just one measure of the validity of the results. Other factors such as sample size, study design, and effect size also play a role in determining the significance of the findings. Even if a study does not show a statistically significant result, it may still provide valuable insights and contribute to the overall understanding of a topic.

## 5. What are some limitations of statistical significance?

One limitation of statistical significance is that it does not necessarily indicate the practical significance or real-world impact of the results. A study can show a statistically significant result, but the effect size may be too small to be meaningful. Additionally, statistical significance is influenced by sample size, so a study with a small sample size may not be able to achieve statistical significance even if there is a true difference between groups. It is important to consider all factors, not just statistical significance, when interpreting the results of a study.

Replies
3
Views
12K
Replies
1
Views
815
Replies
2
Views
3K
Replies
5
Views
1K
Replies
3
Views
658
Replies
7
Views
1K
Replies
2
Views
889
Replies
3
Views
3K
Replies
8
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
1K