Hello, The language of concept/perception - I’m not sure if this topic makes sense, but... Let’s pretend that humankind has not created letters and words yet, that every group of people from different corners of the globe communicates by murmurs and sound --- I assume this is how our ancient ancestors used to communicate with each other. If there is no language that does not mean there is no perception, there is perception prior to description or expression through the use of language. Individuals perceive things, then describe them and put them into words. Then those words agreed upon (commonly understood) by group of individuals are now use to describe things. A ‘thing’ is being ‘described’ in different languages and the ‘meaning’ these languages are trying to convey can be (is) the same. Is the way we understand things dependent upon the use of words? Or we are trying to understand things because of the words? Is it language first before the perception or perception first before the language?