# Third Invariant expressed with Cayley-Hamilton Theorem

• I
The Cayley-Hamilton Theorem can be used to express the third invariant of the characteristic polynomial obtained from the non-trivial solution of the Eigenvector/Eigenvalue problem. I follow the proof (in Chaves – Notes on Continuum Mechanics) down to the following equation, then get stuck at "Replacing the values of IT and IIT with those in 1.269. Could someone please explain? Thanks   with 1.269 being: Related Linear and Abstract Algebra News on Phys.org
andrewkirk
Homework Helper
Gold Member
We need to show that the RHS of the equations in the first two boxes are equal. To minimise the latex coding I'll write ##A## for ##Tr(T)## and ##B## for ##Tr(T^2)##. Then subtract the RHS of the second from the RHS of the first and multiply the result by 2 to get:
$$2II_TA-2I_TB-A^3+3AB=2II_TA-2AB-A^3+3AB=A\left(2II_T-2B-A^2+3B\right)=A\left(2II_T+B-A^2\right)=2A\left(II_T-0.5(A^2-B)\right) =2A\left(II_T-II_T\right)=0$$
So twice the difference is zero.
So the two RHSs are equal.

• FluidStu
Great! Thanks Andrew.