Uniform Acceleration Motion (UAM)

In summary, it takes approximately 14.2 seconds for the race car to overtake the automobile. The car is traveling at 45.4 m/s when it overtakes the automobile.
  • #1
xelrae
2
0
Hello I am new here. I came here because i was trying to search for a tutorial regarding Uniform acceleration motion or UAM but i am so unlucky since i haven't found any decent ones that answers my questions.

Homework Statement


An automobile and a race car start from rest at the same instant, with the race car intially behind by 121m. The automobile has a constant acceleration of 2.00m/s^2, and the race car has an acceleration of 3.20m/s^2
a) How much time does it take for the race car to overtake the automobile?
b) Where does the car overtake the automobile?
c) What is the speed of each when they are abreast?

Homework Equations



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equations_of_motion
im sorry for this, i don't know how to put the subscripts and other small symbols :(
EDIT:
v_{ave} = (v_i + v_f)/2
v = v_0 + a t
x = x_0 + v_0 t + (1/2) a t^2
v[itex]^{}[/itex] = v[itex]_{}[/itex][itex]^{}[/itex] + 2 a \Delta x
i don't know how to use the itex thing :( I am sorry

The Attempt at a Solution


A) my solution for a is simply equating them using the forumla
V=V0t + 1/2(a(t^2)) (i canceled out V0t since the initial velocity is zero)
but adding 121m to the side of the automobile since it is ahead
so that would give me
1/2(3.2)(t^2) = 1/2(2.0)(t^2)+121m
1.6(t^2) = 1(t^2)+121m
0.6(t^2) = 121m
final answer is 14.2

B) x=V0t + 1/2(3.20)((14.2)^2)
again, i canceled out V0t since the initial velocity is zero
so my final answer is about 322.67m

C)
RACE CAR
V^2=V0^2 + 2ad
V^2 = 2(3.2m/s^2)(322m)
V=Square root of 2060.8 m^2/s^2
V=45.40 m/s

AUTOMOBILE
V^2=V0^2 + 2ad
V^2 = 2(2.00m/s^2)(322m)
V=Square root of 1288 m^2/s^2
V=45.40 m/s

There.
My major problem regarding this topic is i don't know WHEN to use WHAT equation.
It really gives me a hard time that's why i resorted to this website in high hopes of finding great understanding. Hope you guys can help me :\ THANKS!
 
Last edited:
Physics news on Phys.org
  • #2
Welcome to PF, xlrae.
Part (a) looks great, though the V=V0t + 1/2(a(t^2)) was confusing. Should be d = Vot + 1/2at² of course. You can copy the ² and other symbols from this page: https://www.physicsforums.com/blog.php?b=346
The trick to getting the right formulas is to write down your list of formulas and beside each, write what it is for. There are several formulas for constant accelerated motion, but you need the one giving distance as a function of time.

I think you have a mistake in (b). Use either
d = 1/2at² with the a=2 or d = 1/2at² - 121 with a = 3.2.

I used V = Vi + a*t for (c) and got the same answer as you.
 
Last edited by a moderator:
  • #3
wow thanks for the reply!
actually, our teacher presented the answers and solutions to all the questions and i am right! thanks for the help!
 
  • #4
Most welcome. Good luck with the next set of problems.
 
  • #5


Hello and welcome to the scientific community! Uniform acceleration motion, also known as constant acceleration motion, is a type of motion where the acceleration remains constant throughout the motion. In your problem, both the automobile and race car have constant accelerations, making it a perfect example of UAM.

To answer your questions, let's start with the equations you have used. The first equation, v = v0 + at, is used to calculate the final velocity (v) of an object with initial velocity (v0) and acceleration (a) over a certain time (t). In this case, we can use it to find the time it takes for the race car to overtake the automobile.

a) Using the formula v = v0 + at, we can set up two equations for the race car and automobile, since they have different accelerations. For the race car, v = 0 + 3.2t, and for the automobile, v = 0 + 2.0t. Since we know that when they overtake, their velocities will be equal, we can set these two equations equal to each other and solve for t.

0 + 3.2t = 0 + 2.0t
1.2t = 121m
t = 121m/1.2 = 100.83 seconds

So it will take the race car 100.83 seconds to overtake the automobile.

b) To find where the race car overtakes the automobile, we can use the equation x = x0 + v0t + 1/2at^2. For the race car, x = 0 + 0 + 1/2(3.2)(100.83)^2 = 1613.33m. For the automobile, x = 0 + 0 + 1/2(2.0)(100.83)^2 = 1008.33m. Therefore, the race car will overtake the automobile at a distance of 1613.33m from their starting point.

c) Finally, to find the speeds of the two vehicles when they are abreast, we can use the equation v^2 = v0^2 + 2ax. Since we know the distance when they are abreast (1613.33m), we can plug that into the equation for both the race car and automobile.

For the race car, v^
 

Related to Uniform Acceleration Motion (UAM)

1. What is Uniform Acceleration Motion (UAM)?

Uniform Acceleration Motion (UAM) is a type of motion in which an object moves with a constant acceleration, meaning that the object's velocity changes by the same amount in each unit of time. This type of motion is commonly observed in free-falling objects and objects moving along a straight line with a constant force acting on them.

2. How is uniform acceleration calculated?

The formula for calculating uniform acceleration is a = (vf - vi) / t, where a is the acceleration, vf is the final velocity, vi is the initial velocity, and t is the time elapsed. This formula assumes that the acceleration remains constant throughout the motion.

3. What is the difference between uniform acceleration and non-uniform acceleration?

Uniform acceleration refers to a constant change in velocity over time, while non-uniform acceleration refers to a changing rate of acceleration. In other words, in uniform acceleration, the amount of change in velocity is the same in each unit of time, whereas in non-uniform acceleration, the amount of change in velocity varies.

4. How does uniform acceleration affect an object's motion?

Uniform acceleration affects an object's motion by causing it to change its velocity at a constant rate. This means that the object's speed increases or decreases by the same amount in each unit of time. Additionally, the direction of the object's motion may also change if the acceleration is not in the same direction as the initial velocity.

5. What are some real-life examples of uniform acceleration motion?

Some common examples of uniform acceleration motion include objects falling under the influence of gravity, such as a skydiver or a ball dropped from a height. Other examples include a car accelerating or decelerating at a constant rate, a rollercoaster moving along a straight track with a constant force, and a rocket taking off from Earth.

Similar threads

  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
752
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
6
Views
833
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
5
Views
1K
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
6
Views
811
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
16
Views
456
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
13
Views
1K
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
6
Views
857
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
1
Views
893
  • Introductory Physics Homework Help
Replies
11
Views
1K
Back
Top