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Velocity Using Parametric Equations

  1. Oct 12, 2011 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    An object moves in two dimensions according to the parametric equations x(t) = At^2 + Bt and y(t) = D cos(Et). The constants A, B, D, and E are A = 2 m/s^2, B = 3 m/s, D = 4 m, and E = 1 rad/s. What is the magnitude of the total velocity of the object at t = 3 s?

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    I'm not sure if I did this problem right. I plugged back in the constants

    x(t) = 2 t^2 + 3 t
    y(t) = 4 cos(t)

    dx/dt = 4 t + 3
    dy/dt = -4 sin(t)

    dy/dx = dy/dt dt/dx = [-4 sin(t)]/[4 t + 3]

    I thought that this was the velocity?

    I then plugged in 3 for t and then plugged this into my calculator
    [-4 sin(3)]/(12+3) and got about - .038 m/s but sense it said magnitude only I ignored the negative sign and put .038 m/s

    I have the feeling I did this problem wrong. This is for my physics 2 course and is suppose to be a introductory physics course after taking physics 1 (non calculus based) and this is just suppose to be like calculus I based but parametric equations is a calculus 2 topic (in most american schools) and I'm in calculus 2 at the moment and haven't covered the topic yet and only have a brief understanding of it so I'm not sure
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 12, 2011 #2
    What is the magnitude of the vector [itex]\vec{v}=[v_x,v_y][/itex]?
    Or, how do you evaluate the magnitude of a vector knowing its components?

    And, [itex]\vec{v}=[v_x,v_y]=[\frac{dx}{dt},\frac{dy}{dt}][/itex]
     
  4. Oct 12, 2011 #3
    Ah I thought so, so I plug in 3 into each of the derivatives square both of these values sum these squared values and then take the square root of the whole thing?
     
  5. Oct 12, 2011 #4
    Yep
    [itex]|\vec{v}_{t=3}|=\sqrt{\left[\left.\frac{dx}{dt}\right|_{t=3}\right]^2+\left[\left.\frac{dy}{dt}\right|_{t=3}\right]^2}[/itex]
     
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