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Homework Help: Wave equation and fourier transformation

  1. May 12, 2014 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Initial conditions:
    1)When t=0,u=H,1<x<2 and u=0,x[itex]\notin[/itex](1<x<2)
    2)When t=0,ut=H,3<x<3 and u=0,x[itex]\notin[/itex](3<x<4)

    3. The attempt at a solution

    So I transformed the first initial condition
    [itex]\hat{u}[/itex]=1/[itex]\sqrt{2*\pi}[/itex] [itex]\int[/itex] Exp[-i*[itex]\lambda[/itex]*x)*H dx=

    integration boundaries are from x=1 to x=2

    This condiotions is clear.

    Now i have to deal with the 2nd.
    Thats the problematic one.

    My thought is:
    du/dt=[itex]\hat{u}[/itex],only with proper boundaries.
    Then maybe i can find the solution to this DE,and it would be my transformed boundary condition?
  2. jcsd
  3. May 12, 2014 #2


    User Avatar
    Science Advisor

    OK, you really need to put more effort into writing your post. I can only guess that you're looking for a linear combination of solutions of the wave eqn that satisfies the given boundary conditions.

    If that is the question, then...

    1) Write out your general solution of the wave equation (carefully).

    2) Show in more detail how you're trying to restrict it using the boundary conditions. I don't see you got where you did with the 1st boundary condition. (Since you didn't show enough of your work, it's difficult for me to guess where your mistakes begin.)
  4. May 12, 2014 #3
    If [tex]\hat u(k,t) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int u(x,t) e^{-ikx} dx,[/tex] than [tex]\hat u_t(k,t) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int u_t(x,t) e^{-ikx} dx.[/tex]
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