What is the meaning of homogenous and isotropic in Gallilean transformation?

In summary, Gallilean transformation is a mathematical method introduced by Galileo Galilei in the 17th century to describe the relationship between motion in different frames of reference. It is used for objects moving at low speeds and involves equations that take into account the relative motion between the frames of reference. It is a fundamental concept in classical mechanics and forms the basis of Newton's laws of motion. However, it does not consider the effects of relativity, which are taken into account by Lorentz transformation for objects moving at high speeds close to the speed of light.
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in this kind of transformation , what is the meaning of homogenous and isotropic??
 
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In this case, we are referring to the statement that space is homogeneous and isotropic. Homogeneous means the properties of space are the same everywhere, that is, space is invariant under any translation. Isotropy means the properties of space are the same in all directions, that is, space is invariant under all rotations
 
  • #3
okay now i got it because our profeesor said that homogenous means that the center of coordinates is chosen anywhere while isotropic means the direction for any axis is invarient . thank you
 

What is Gallilean transformation?

Gallilean transformation is a mathematical method used to describe the relationship between motion in different frames of reference. It was first introduced by the scientist Galileo Galilei in the 17th century.

What is the difference between Gallilean transformation and Lorentz transformation?

Gallilean transformation is used for objects moving at low speeds, while Lorentz transformation is used for objects moving at high speeds close to the speed of light. Lorentz transformation takes into account the effects of relativity, while Gallilean transformation does not.

How is Gallilean transformation calculated?

Gallilean transformation involves equations that relate the position, velocity, and time measurements of an object in one frame of reference to those in another frame of reference. It takes into account the relative motion between the two frames of reference.

What is the significance of Gallilean transformation in physics?

Gallilean transformation is a fundamental concept in classical mechanics and is used to understand the motion of objects in everyday situations. It forms the basis of Newton's laws of motion and is essential for studying the physics of motion.

How does Gallilean transformation relate to the concept of relativity?

Gallilean transformation does not take into account the effects of relativity, such as time dilation and length contraction, which are observed at high speeds. It is only valid for objects moving at low speeds compared to the speed of light.

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