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Continue reading...I explain by simple examples (one-parameter Lie groups), partly in the original language, and along the historical papers of Sophus Lie, Abraham Cohen, and Emmy Noether how Lie groups became a central topic in physics. Physics, in contrast to mathematics, didn’t experience the Bourbakian transition so the language of for example differential geometry didn’t change quite as much during the last hundred years as it did in mathematics. This also means that mathematics at that time has been written in a way that is far closer to the language of physics, and those papers are not as old-fashioned as you might expect.

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