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Why is crankcase oil supplied to sleeve bearings?

  1. Jan 19, 2013 #1
    (Diagram attached)
    Why is crankcase oil supplied to sleeve bearings in the connecting rod?Does the oil film act like in a journal bearing?

    I was reading about compressors and there is a mechanism called a 'crosshead'(see diagram) that converts rotary to reciprocating motion. Its funny how oil is used instead of real bearings.
     

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  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 19, 2013 #2

    SteamKing

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    Bearings require lubrication or they will seize, thus destroying the engine.
     
  4. Jan 19, 2013 #3
    but,there are no needle/round bearings in the crosshead.Its just oil flowing throw the crank pin that is taking-up all the rotation,which is what surprises me.
    I would imagine the same lubricating mechanism in a IC engine for automobiles. Since there always exists the phenomenon of blow-by in IC engines,what is to ensure that the crank oil always reaches the pin in the first place?
     
    Last edited: Jan 19, 2013
  5. Jan 20, 2013 #4

    OCR

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    marellasunny,

    A crosshead is a mechanism used in large reciprocating engines and reciprocating compressors to eliminate sideways pressure on the piston, caused by the connecting rod.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crosshead

    http://marinediesels.info/2_stroke_engine_parts/crosshead.htm

    The connecting rod connects the piston to the crankshaft... the connecting rod is actually what converts the rotating motion of the crankshaft into linear motion (reciprocating motion).
    Or, vice versa... linear into rotating motion.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connecting_rod

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connecting_rod#Internal_combustion_engines

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Connecting_rod#Compound_rods

    The bearings are 'real'... they're called plain bearings, or journal bearings, as opposed to rolling-element bearings.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journal_bearing#Two-piece

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rolling-element_bearing

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bearing_(mechanical)

    And, yes... they ride on a film of oil, supplied by the engine oil pump.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plain_bearing#Fluid_lubrication

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_pump_(internal_combustion_engine)



    OCR
     
  6. Jan 20, 2013 #5
    Why do you think that "blow-by" would interfere with journal bearing lubrication?
     
  7. Jan 21, 2013 #6
    the exhaust gases mix with the oil and make it more viscous than needed.
    Now,the question is whether journal bearings would survive in such extreme conditions...why would engineers take the risk of the crosshead with a journal than the usual needle?
     
  8. Jan 26, 2013 #7
    What is the risk?
     
  9. Feb 5, 2013 #8
    I would imagine the load placed on the needle bearing would render it useless. The oil acts as a cushion to soften the impact as to prevent any damage from rod to crank
     
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