What is Citations: Definition and 18 Discussions

A citation is a reference to a source. More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears.
Generally the combination of both the in-body citation and the bibliographic entry constitutes what is commonly thought of as a citation (whereas bibliographic entries by themselves are not). References to single, machine-readable assertions in electronic scientific articles are known as nanopublications, a form of microattribution.Citations have several important purposes: to uphold intellectual honesty (or avoiding plagiarism), to attribute prior or unoriginal work and ideas to the correct sources, to allow the reader to determine independently whether the referenced material supports the author's argument in the claimed way, and to help the reader gauge the strength and validity of the material the author has used.The forms of citations generally subscribe to one of the generally accepted citations systems, such as the Oxford, Harvard, MLA, American Sociological Association (ASA), American Psychological Association (APA), and other citations systems, because their syntactic conventions are widely known and easily interpreted by readers. Each of these citation systems has its advantages and disadvantages. Editors often specify the citation system to use.
Bibliographies, and other list-like compilations of references, are generally not considered citations because they do not fulfill the true spirit of the term: deliberate acknowledgement by other authors of the priority of one's ideas.

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  1. nomadreid

    A question about consistency of in-text bracketed reference numbers

    This is not a contextual question, but a stylistic one; hence it doesn't seem to belong in the other threads. I am proof-reading a paper, and I am unsure about the way the author uses square brackets for the indication of (numbered) sources. In order not to be quoting a source without...
  2. PainterGuy

    How do citations support information in a scientific article?

    Hi, I was reading the following Wikipedia article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Georg_von_Soldner . The excerpt below is taken from the section "Light bending". I understand that the references are used to back up what is being said using reliable sources. In other words, using...
  3. T

    Admissions Citations and References in Statement of Purpose

    Hey! Applying for physics PhD programs this fall and thinking about my statement. There's some really specific experiments/work being done I'm interested in. Is it acceptable if I put a few citations down? Such as: "I'm really in interested in tests of yada yada[1] and experiments such as blah...
  4. diogenesNY

    Other Citations of a particular paper

    Does anyone have any recommendations for databases or other (presumably online) resources that I might use to determine citations of a particular scientific paper. That is, I wish to see not only how many times a particular paper was cited, but I would also, if possible, like to see...
  5. Kadardur

    Other Finding a book by some citations

    Hello! I am looking for a book about statistic applications, I don't know the name or any other ditails, just some quotes. I don't have too much experience in such search. If anyone can help me I will be very thankful. There is a PDF file attached, there is some questions and solutions, I guess...
  6. arivero

    Sci-hub downloads vs citations

    Only for papers in INSPIRE-HEP. Vertical axis are citations. Downloads measured during the six-month period from september 2015 to Feb 2016 (afaik no more recent data is available, is it?) excluding duplicate IPs of the same paper. stats "corr.txt" using 1:2 Linear Model: y = 1.782 x + 674.3...
  7. B

    Other Question about writing a scientific paper

    I am currently writing my first scientific paper, but I've never really had any proper training on the specifics of writing one particularly in citing references. The scenario is this: Say I'm reading paper A that wrote about result X which was cited from paper B. I also want to cite result X...
  8. Gort

    A Are many physicists not fluent in the language of physics?

    Most physicists would agree, I believe, that mathematics is the language of physics. Mathematical models are used to describe the physical world. I therefore found it somewhat amusing but disconcerting that a recent paper found a statistically significant negative correlation between...
  9. C

    LaTeX Latex Cross References, citations etc not working

    Hi, not sure if this is the correct section so feel free to move if needed. First time using latex to create a pdf here, having trouble getting cross-references and citations to work. They just appear in the text as question marks. I got my bibliography to work, using Bibtex, but when using...
  10. kq6up

    Other Citing the Same Reference with Different Page Numbers?

    I am not certain this is the best place to post this, but not sure General Physics would have been appropriate either. Feel free to move this. I am writing a paper for a quantum physics class, and the professor wants the paper to be in the APS (Physical Review) style. I looked through their...
  11. L

    Advice on Citations for Reports

    I'm not sure where to put this question, so I'll try it here. I'm currently writing a report and I'm asking for advice on citations. I know that when you write down a fact or an idea which is not original, you add a citation which explains where you got it from (e.g. bananas are yellow [1])...
  12. L

    Why does Einstein's 1905 SR paper contain Zero citations?

    Einstein's "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper" ("On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies") was published September 26. It reconciles Maxwell's equations for electricity and magnetism with the laws of mechanics by introducing major changes to mechanics close to the speed of light. This later...
  13. S

    LaTeX LaTeX Question: Manually Formatting Citations

    I am using Zotero to collect and organize all of my citations, which I then export in a bibtex format to use in my LaTeX document, using natbib to make my bibliography. The problem is that I have a couple 'odd' references that do not format correctly. I think this is due to a combination of...
  14. M

    Revtex and Refworks, citations not showing up

    Hi, I am attempting a first paper using Revtex. I have been writing the paper and it is just about the way I want it, and I am going back through and putting in my citation references. I can't find an answer to this anywhere within RevTex or Refworks, so thought I would give here a shot. cannot...
  15. D

    Difficulty Making Citations in a Research Paper

    I get the impression that people who review research papers want to see recent papers listed in the bibliography. To me, this implies that I would have to list papers that are not neither the biggest landmarks nor the most relevant. When I do research, it's mostly my own thing. It's...
  16. marcus

    Beisert v. Seifert citations race, and other signs of the times

    I suspect that the most influential string research will now tend to be done in places where there is a strong nonstring quantum gravity group---so string and nonstring QG people share offices, meet at seminars and at coffeeroom etc. Places where string and nonstring research are on more or less...
  17. matthyaouw

    Where Can I Find Citations for a Paper Published in 1969?

    Can anyone reccomend a website for finding papers that have cited a particular paper? Google scholar can't even find the original, and Web of Science seems to only go back as far as 1970, and my paper was published in 1969.
  18. marcus

    How many citations to Reuter before yearend?

    Kea and I were talking about the latest paper by Reuter and Lauscher, which showed fractal-like spacetime structure at very small scale. http://www.arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0508202 Fractal Spacetime Structure in Asymptotically Safe Gravity O. Lauscher, M. Reuter It came out a few days ago...