• Support PF! Buy your school textbooks, materials and every day products Here!

A spring-block system on a frictional plane

  • Thread starter xboy
  • Start date
  • #1
134
0
Maybe I should have posted this question in 'elementary physics' but the question seemed rather difficult to me(although involving elementary concepts) so i am posting it at this forum.Here goes.

Homework Statement



A block of mass m is attached to a spring of spring constant k.the other end of the spring is attached to a wall.The mass rests on a surface with friction coefficient [tex]\mu[/tex].Now the mass is given a displacement [tex]x_{0}[/tex] from its equilibrium position.Calculate x at any subsequent time.

Homework Equations



The forces acting on the block are(taking the equilibrium position as origin)
force due to the spring:
[tex]\\F_{spring} = -kxi\hat \\
[/tex]

[tex]
\\ F_{friction} = \mu mgi\hat \\ \mbox{ when the block is moving in the -i direction}
[/tex]

[tex]
F_{friction} = -\mu mgi\hat \\ \mbox{ when the block is moving in +i direction}
[/tex]

The Attempt at a Solution



The equations i obtain are
[tex] m\ddot x +kx = \mu mg\ \mbox{when moving towards -i} \\
[/tex]
[tex]
\\ \mbox{and} m\ddot x + kx = -\mu mg\ \mbox{when moving towards +i}
[/tex]
Solving them i get,for the first half cycle:
[tex]
\\x = (x_{0} - \frac{\mu mg}{k})\cos \frac{k}{m}t + \frac{\mu mg}{k}\\
[/tex]
[tex]

\mbox{At the end of the first half cycle,the position of the block is,then } x'_{0} = -x_{o} + 2\frac{\mu mg}{k}
[/tex]
[tex]
\\ \mbox{Now,if i take t= 0 at} x= x'_{0} \ \mbox{ ,i get,from solving the second differential equation}[/tex]
[tex]
\\x = -( x'_{o}+ \frac{\mu mg}{k}) \cos \frac{k}{m}t - \frac{\mu mg}{k}
[/tex]
[tex]
\mbox{At the end of this half-cycle the position is }
[/tex]
[tex]
x_{0} - 4\frac{\mu mg}{k}
[/tex]

So i'm getting the result that for each half cycle the distance traversed goes down by [tex] 2\frac{\mu mg}{k}[/tex].I get the same reult from work-energy theorem.
is my method correct?if yes,is there a more elegant way of doing it?is there at least an elegant way of writing the answer?In my answer i'm putting t=0 at the start of each half-cycle,so i can't boil it down to less than 2 equations.

P.S:this is te first time i'm using latex.
 
Last edited:

Answers and Replies

  • #2
134
0
this looks all right.must've edited it 20 times or so! how does one start a new line in latex here? \\ doesn't seem to work.
 
Last edited:
  • #3
5,428
291
  • #4
134
0
thanx mentz,but that doesn't help.
yep,this is different from your usual damped oscillator,which is why i'm finding it difficult(and interesting)!!
 

Related Threads on A spring-block system on a frictional plane

  • Last Post
2
Replies
25
Views
22K
Replies
3
Views
732
  • Last Post
Replies
9
Views
2K
  • Last Post
2
Replies
26
Views
5K
Replies
1
Views
2K
Replies
1
Views
5K
  • Last Post
Replies
1
Views
1K
Top