(adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

This question basically tries to investigate the feasibility of using a rocket engine to acclerate a space ship to relativistic speeds, as with any rocket engine fule is ejected at high velocity and space ship accelerates to conserve momentum. only that in this situation, the exhuast speed Vex is close to the speed of light

i) Express total energy and momentum of an object of rest mass m and velocity v in terms of m,v,c and [tex]\gamma_{v}=\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-\frac{v^{2}}{c^{2}}}}[/tex]

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

[tex]P_{T}=\gamma_{V_{ex}}mv[/tex]

[tex]E_{T}=\sqrt{(mc^{2})^{2}+p^{2}c^{2}}[/tex]

so [tex]E_{T}=\sqrt{(mc^{2})^{2}+(\gamma_{V_{ex}}mv)^{2}c^{2}}[/tex]

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

Consider the inertial frame of reference in which the space ship is instantaneously at rest at time t. During the intercal from t to t+dt, an amount of fuel of rest mass [tex]dm_{f}[/tex] is ejected in the -x direction at the exhuast speed [tex]v_{ex}[/tex] and the space ship accelerates from rest to velocity dv. The mass of the space hsip reduces from m to m+dm, where dm is negative. Since the space ship starts from rest, its final speed dv is not relativistic in this frame.

Now here is where things gets problematic

i) Bearing in mind that the exhaust speed is relativistic, use the principle of conservation of energy to show that [tex]dm=-\gamma_{v_{ex}}dm_{f}[/tex]. Explain why is |dm|greater than [tex]|dm_{f}|[/tex].

ii) find an expression for dv using conservation of momentum.

2. Relevant equations

3. The attempt at a solution

I just could not figure out how to do these 2 parts, now I know that if the total energy when the ship is at rest is equal to the rest energy, then that value should be conserved, and so the total energy when the ship is moving should also equal to that value, just that there would be two opposite KEs cancelling each other out am I right in saying this?

Any help is appreciated Thanks

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**

Dismiss Notice

Join Physics Forums Today!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here!

# Homework Help: Accelerating a space ship to light speeds

**Physics Forums | Science Articles, Homework Help, Discussion**