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Kea posted this on another thread:

The Tomita-Takesaki results are and exciting breakthrough in AQFT, by now getting to be pretty well understood. The beginnings of it are in Haag's book

Another line of work in AQFT that approaches the idea of matter in QG is represented by the work of Klaus Fredenhagen and his colleagues. A recent example is gr-qc/0603079,

A brief quotation will give the flavor.

Kea said:On a slightly different note (nothing to do with the SM): I actually went to a very interesting NCG talk today by Paolo Bertozzini (maybe I'll blog about it) which made a couple of things a little bit clearer to me. Paolo works on a kind of categorification of the basic (spectral triple / manifold) duality, and thinks of this Tomita-Takesaki stuff that they're keen on (http://arxiv.org/abs/math-ph/0511034) as providing a C* version of the Cosmic Galois Group somehow. But he ends up doing bundles instead of manifolds and then he says they might be like gerbes or stacks ... and he wants to put it all into a more categorical language.

The Tomita-Takesaki results are and exciting breakthrough in AQFT, by now getting to be pretty well understood. The beginnings of it are in Haag's book

*Local Quantum Physics*.Another line of work in AQFT that approaches the idea of matter in QG is represented by the work of Klaus Fredenhagen and his colleagues. A recent example is gr-qc/0603079,

*Towards a Background Independent Formulation of Perturbative Quantum Gravity*, by Romeo Brunetti and Klaus Fredenhagen.A brief quotation will give the flavor.

Brunetti and Fredenhagen said:We adopt the point of view [3] of algebraic quantum field theory and identify physical systems with *-algebras with unit (if possible, C*-algebras) and subsystems with subalgebras sharing the same unit. In quantum field theory the subsystems

can be associated to spacetime regions. Every such region may be considered as a spacetime in its own right, in particular it may be embedded into different spacetimes. It is crucial that the algebra of the region does not depend on the way it is embedded into a larger spacetime. For instance, in a Schwartzschild spacetime the physics outside the horizon should not depend on a possible extension to a

Kruskal spacetime.

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