An alpha particle is fired at a uranium atom

  • #1

Homework Statement


"If an alpha particle is fired straight at the nucleus of an uranium atom (q = 92e), at a velocity of 5 x 10^5 m/s, how close will it get to the uranium nucleus?

Homework Equations


Ek = (mv^2)/2
Ee = (kq1q2)/d

The Attempt at a Solution


Since the alpha particle and uranium atom are both positively charged, they will naturally repel each other. Firing the alpha particle at the uranium atom will therefore store electrical energy. At the closest point the alpha particle gets to the nucleus, all of its kinetic energy has been converted into electrical potential energy. Therefore, I equated Ee and Ek, and solved for d, taking the mass of an alpha particle to be quadruple that of a proton. However, the answer I got was 1.02 x 10^-10 m, but the correct answer is 5.1 x 10^-11 as per the provided solution.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
54
0
5.5 x 10^-11 is correct, do the math again.
 
  • #3
TSny
Homework Helper
Gold Member
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Make sure you use the correct values for the charge and mass of the alpha particle.
 
  • #4
I accidentally used q = 4e for the alpha particle (since m = 4 x mass of proton)... ^.^'''

Thanks, guys!
 

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