# Autocorrelation function of a Wiener process & Poisson process

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1. Jan 7, 2016

### JohanL

1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

3. The attempt at a solution

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Can anyone possibly explain step 3 and 4 in this solution?

2. Jan 7, 2016

### andrewkirk

Step 3 looks like an application of the Tower Law or 'Law of Total Expectation' (see link). It's a very useful law and well worth spending the time to familiarise yourself with it!
The fourth step is just an application of the given autocorrelation function to the expression inside the outer expectation.

3. Jan 7, 2016

### Ray Vickson

Sometimes (at least when one is starting out) it is better to be less abstract and more explicit. So, let's be explicit.

Assume $s < t$, so $N(t) \geq N(s)$ (because of the possible arrivals between $s$ and $t$). Thus
$$\begin{array}{rcl}R_X(s,t) &= & \sum_{j=0}^{\infty} \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} P(N(s)=j, N(t) = j+k) E[W(j) W(j+k)] \\ &= &\sigma^2 \sum_j \sum_k P(N(s)=j) P(N(t) = j+k|N(s)=j) \min(j,j+k) \end{array}$$
Of course, $\min(j,j+k) = j$ and we also have $P(N(t) = j+k | N(s) = j) = P(N(t-s) = k)$, by stationarity and independent increments of the Poisson process. Now the rest is easy.

Of course, if $t < s$ we can just interchange the roles of $s$ and $t$ in the argument.

4. Jan 8, 2016

### JohanL

I had only seen the tower law used in connection with martingales, and defined in connection with martingales, and the law of total expectation have i ofc used but only in what they call the special case on the wiki-page. Did not know it was a more general case. Ty!