I will be asking what is behind the fact that our Universe is a very special state which is very unlikely to have arisen by chance. But in the next 2 paragraphs let me give the basis for my question. Similar to the anthropic principle, but less debatable are the facts which Lee Smolin calls The anthropic observation: "Our universe is much more complex than most universes with the same laws but different values of the parameters of those laws. In particular, it has a complex astrophysics, including galaxies and long lived stars, and a complex chemistry, including carbon chemistry, These necessary conditions for life are present in our universe as a consequence of the complexity which is made possible by the special values of the parameters." from Scientific alternatives to the anthropic principle. More specifically there are about 35 parameters between particle physics and cosmology which have a free range of values but the values which we observe are nowhere near the values which are likely to be predicted a priori. Citing 2 values for example are 1) what Penrose calls the initial entropy problem in which he states an improbability value of 10^10^123 for our universe starting out in the state it did, and 2) the fine tuning of the dark energy or cosmological constant which is often cited as requiring a fine tuning of 1 decimal in 120 places to get the right number so that the universe wouldn't have collapsed on itself before it had time to form galaxies or accelerated at a runaway rate before it had time to form galaxies. My question is what is behind the astronomical improbability. I'm thinking there is an answer which is like, by analogy, the one given for abiogenesis. In the 80s Hoyle pointed out the exceedingly unlikely probability that life could arise by pure chance. The biologists countered by saying pure chance wasn't the only force at work and countered that natural selection was at work as well. But now we have the case of the evolution of nature itself. What can be doing the "selection"? I have read about underlying mathematical models and infinite multiverses, but these ideas don't seem very intellectually satisfying. And I have read that not much progress is being made on the TOEs, which hope to reduce the parameters down to a few.