- #1

Leonardo Machado

- 57

- 2

- TL;DR Summary
- I need some help to implement a boundary condition to a 1D heat equation when dealing with it using spectral expansion.

Hi everyone!

I am studying spectral methods to solve PDEs having in mind to solve a heat equation in 2D, but now i am struggling with the time evolution with boundary conditions even in 1D. For example,

$$

u_t=k u_{xx},

$$

$$

u(t,-1)=\alpha,

$$

$$

u(t,1)=\beta,

$$

$$

u(0,x)=f(x),

$$

$$

u(t,x)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t) T_{n}(x).

$$

T(x) is for Chebyshev polynomials.

I can easily create through MMT or FFT the spectral expansion for u(0,x), including the boundaries, to initiate the time-stepping via the first equation as,

$$

\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} \frac{da_n(t)}{dt} T_n(x)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a^{(2)}_n(t) T_n(x).

$$

which implies in

$$

a_n(t+ \delta t)=k a_n(t)+a^{(2)}_n \delta t.

$$

But the point is.. how do i use the boundary conditions in the time-step? I can't find it in the bibliography.

I think that the usual thing to do would be use the boundary conditions as

$$

\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t) T_n(-1)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t)=\alpha,

$$

$$

\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t) T_n(1)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t)=\beta,

$$

but I'm not sure how to implement it in the time-stepping... Any suggestions? I would love to know a book that deals with it!

PS: I had problems using the caption in the LaTeX, the idex runs for n instead of N and t_N should be T_n! I don't know why it became like this.

I am studying spectral methods to solve PDEs having in mind to solve a heat equation in 2D, but now i am struggling with the time evolution with boundary conditions even in 1D. For example,

$$

u_t=k u_{xx},

$$

$$

u(t,-1)=\alpha,

$$

$$

u(t,1)=\beta,

$$

$$

u(0,x)=f(x),

$$

$$

u(t,x)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t) T_{n}(x).

$$

T(x) is for Chebyshev polynomials.

I can easily create through MMT or FFT the spectral expansion for u(0,x), including the boundaries, to initiate the time-stepping via the first equation as,

$$

\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} \frac{da_n(t)}{dt} T_n(x)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a^{(2)}_n(t) T_n(x).

$$

which implies in

$$

a_n(t+ \delta t)=k a_n(t)+a^{(2)}_n \delta t.

$$

But the point is.. how do i use the boundary conditions in the time-step? I can't find it in the bibliography.

I think that the usual thing to do would be use the boundary conditions as

$$

\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t) T_n(-1)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t)=\alpha,

$$

$$

\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t) T_n(1)=\sum^{N-1}_{n=0} a_n(t+\delta t)=\beta,

$$

but I'm not sure how to implement it in the time-stepping... Any suggestions? I would love to know a book that deals with it!

PS: I had problems using the caption in the LaTeX, the idex runs for n instead of N and t_N should be T_n! I don't know why it became like this.