# Building a truss with matlab -- Need help

## Homework Statement

I am suppose to build a truss using a matlab code given to me. I have to identify the joint coordinates, member assembly, and load matrix. The code is suppose to calculate the deflections like fea. I have put everything in but when the code runs my deflections are "NaN" which means not a number. I have no idea what to do since this is my first time using matlab. What could be the reason for this result?

## Homework Equations

% class design project example

%

% all of the members are quenched steel

% k = 2000 k-lb, Pmax = 1500 k-lb (A = 100 sq-inch)

%

clear

n = 24; m = 60; LOADZ = -20000/2; LOADY = 1000/2; A = 100;

joint = [0,0,0;0,0,-10;0,0,-20;12,0,0;12,0,-10;12,0,-20;...

0,10,0;0,10,-10;12,10,0;12,10,-10;0,20,0;0,20,-10;...

12,20,0;12,20,-10;0,30,0;0,30,-10;12,30,0;12,30,-10;...

0,40,0;0,40,-10;0,40,-20;12,40,0;12,40,-10;12,40,-20];

assembly = [1,2;1,4;1,7;2,3;2,4;2,5;2,6;2,7;2,8;3,6;3,8;...

4,5;4,9;5,6;5,9;5,10;6,10;7,8;7,9;7,11;8,9;8,10;8,11;...

8,12;9,10;9,13;10,13;10,14;11,12;11,13;11,14;11,15;11,16;...

12,14;12,16;13,14;13,17;13,18;14,18;15,16;15,17;15,19;15,20;...

16,17;16,18;16,20;16,21;17,18;17,22;17,23;18,23;18,24;19,20;...

19,22;20,22;20,23;20,24;21,24;22,23;23,24];

forceJ = [3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;...

3,1,1,1;-1,0,0,0;-1,0,0,0;...

3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1];

for i = 1:m; stretch(i) = 2000*1000; end; stretch(1);

%

index = 1;

[Jforce,Mforce,Jdispl,Mdispl] = ...

truss3(n,m,joint,assembly,forceJ,stretch,index);

%

peak_klb = 18*A

maxMforce_klb = max(abs(Mforce/1000))

maxJdispl = max(abs(Jdispl*12));

maxDX_in = maxJdispl(2),maxDY_in = maxJdispl(3),maxDZ_in = maxJdispl(4)

SteamKing
Staff Emeritus
Homework Helper

## Homework Statement

I am suppose to build a truss using a matlab code given to me. I have to identify the joint coordinates, member assembly, and load matrix. The code is suppose to calculate the deflections like fea. I have put everything in but when the code runs my deflections are "NaN" which means not a number. I have no idea what to do since this is my first time using matlab. What could be the reason for this result?

## Homework Equations

% class design project example

%

% all of the members are quenched steel

% k = 2000 k-lb, Pmax = 1500 k-lb (A = 100 sq-inch)

%

clear

n = 24; m = 60; LOADZ = -20000/2; LOADY = 1000/2; A = 100;

joint = [0,0,0;0,0,-10;0,0,-20;12,0,0;12,0,-10;12,0,-20;...

0,10,0;0,10,-10;12,10,0;12,10,-10;0,20,0;0,20,-10;...

12,20,0;12,20,-10;0,30,0;0,30,-10;12,30,0;12,30,-10;...

0,40,0;0,40,-10;0,40,-20;12,40,0;12,40,-10;12,40,-20];

assembly = [1,2;1,4;1,7;2,3;2,4;2,5;2,6;2,7;2,8;3,6;3,8;...

4,5;4,9;5,6;5,9;5,10;6,10;7,8;7,9;7,11;8,9;8,10;8,11;...

8,12;9,10;9,13;10,13;10,14;11,12;11,13;11,14;11,15;11,16;...

12,14;12,16;13,14;13,17;13,18;14,18;15,16;15,17;15,19;15,20;...

16,17;16,18;16,20;16,21;17,18;17,22;17,23;18,23;18,24;19,20;...

19,22;20,22;20,23;20,24;21,24;22,23;23,24];

forceJ = [3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;...

3,1,1,1;-1,0,0,0;-1,0,0,0;...

3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1;3,1,1,1];

for i = 1:m; stretch(i) = 2000*1000; end; stretch(1);

%

index = 1;

[Jforce,Mforce,Jdispl,Mdispl] = ...

truss3(n,m,joint,assembly,forceJ,stretch,index);

%

peak_klb = 18*A

maxMforce_klb = max(abs(Mforce/1000))

maxJdispl = max(abs(Jdispl*12));

maxDX_in = maxJdispl(2),maxDY_in = maxJdispl(3),maxDZ_in = maxJdispl(4)

## The Attempt at a Solution

View attachment 92235
In order for the stiffness matrix equations to have a solution, at least one or more nodes need to have an initial displacement specified. Thus usually is accomplished by specifying a zero displacement at the support points of the structure.

It's not clear from your code where such initial conditions are specified by the user. Without being able to specify an initial displacement for at least one node, the stiffness matrix equations are probably giving a singular result when the deflections are being solved for.

See p. 11 of the following article:

http://www.engr.sjsu.edu/ragarwal/ME273/pdf/Chapter 4 - Beam Element.pdf