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Calculate the molarity of a NaOH solution

  1. Oct 26, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A 3.125 g sample of primary standard of Na2CO3 was treated with 40.00 mL of dilute perchloric acid. The solution was boiled to remove CO2, following which the excess HClO4 was back-titrated with 10.12 mL of dilute NaOH. In a separate experiment, it was established that 27.43 mL of the HClO4 neutralized the NaOH in a 25.00 mL portion. Calculate the molarity of the NaOH solution. Hint: Solve this problem by considering the two equations below


    2. Relevant equations
    For the back-titration (1): total amount of perchloric acid: n1(HClO4) = 2n(Na2CO3) + n1(NaOH)

    For the acid-base titration (2): n2(NaOH) =n2(HClO4)



    3. The attempt at a solution

    I first calculate the moles for equation (1)
    (40/1000)[HClO4]=2*(3.125g/ (105.99g/mol) +(10.12/1000)[NaOH]

    then eq. (2)

    (27.43/1000)[HClO4]=(25/1000)[NaOH]

    I then substituted equation 2 into equation 1. My final answer for [NaOH] was 2.239. However the actual answer was 1.974. Can somebody please point out what I did wrong. Thanks
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data



    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Oct 27, 2012 #2

    Borek

    User Avatar

    Staff: Mentor

    I don't see anything wrong with the solution, I got 2.239 M as well.
     
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