Molar concentration (also called molarity, amount concentration or substance concentration) is a measure of the concentration of a chemical species, in particular of a solute in a solution, in terms of amount of substance per unit volume of solution. In chemistry, the most commonly used unit for molarity is the number of moles per liter, having the unit symbol mol/L or mol⋅dm−3 in SI unit. A solution with a concentration of 1 mol/L is said to be 1 molar, commonly designated as 1 M. To avoid confusion with SI prefix mega, which has the same abbreviation, small caps ᴍ or italicized M are also used in journals and textbooks.
I'm trying to verify the final molarity of my solution.
I'm adding 40.69 lb of 90% anhydrous KOH to 148.43 (561.86L) gallons of water . I get a final molarity of 0.52. The report I'm reading arrives at a molarity of 0.78. Is this an error?
Thanks to anyone who can provide the calcs.
In my textbook it is given that
Molarity is represented by M,
and its formula is--
Molarity(M)= No. of moles of solute/Volume of solution in L
the unit of Molarity is mol/l which is also written as M.
Now what does this mean ?
does it mean --> Molarity is denoted by "M" and it's unit is also...
Hi,
I have a problem which I have attempted to solve several times without success and i am at a loss to know where I am going wrong. The problem is ..
If 10.0 g of potassium sulfite is dissolved in water to make 200.0 mL of solution, then what is the molar concentration of potassium ions in...
In the keq derivation intuition video mr sal Khan relates molarity to probability and it doesn't makes sense to me as molarity can also be more than 1 and probability cannot.
Can you please tell me how he relates probability to molarity.
Thanks
ok, for the life of me i can not remember how to do the BASIC math for my issue. I mean, i can do calc but i have forgotten basic math haha.
here is my question. If i have 91% grain alcohol, how do i figure out how much water to add to it to drop the percentage to 70%. Dimensional analysis is...
I got a answer by equation the moles i took the n factor of oxalic acid as 2 and the naoh solution came out to be 2M but i got an answer of 4grams but the answer given is 2 grams am i correct ??
Homework Statement
Place 20.0 g NaOH(s) in a flask and dilute to 1.00 L with water.
Place 20.0 g NaOH(s) in a flask and add 1.00 L of water.
How exactly do these two statements differ? Wouldn't adding 1.00L of water to 20.0g of NaOH dilute it anyways?
Homework Equations
none?
The Attempt...
For a lab I need to create a 0.1M solution of NaOAc buffer at pH 5
It's been a while since I worked with buffers. I'm struggling to find a way to get both the proper morality and proper pH.
My first though was to create a 0.2M solution of acetic acid and titrate it to pH 5 using sodium...
Homework Statement :[/B]
The density of a 2.05 molar solution of acetic acid is 1.02g/ml. The Molality of the solution is:
(a) 1.14 mole/kg
(b) 3.28 mole/kg
(c) 2.28 mole/g
(d) 0.44 mole/kg
Homework Equations :[/B]
The Attempt at a Solution :[/B]
I tried it out very simply using unitary...
Homework Statement
I have found, through experimentation, the ksp of calcium hydroxide to be 3.0 x10^-7 (which i know has a pretty large percent error). However, i am conflicted as to what the units should be because logically, plugging the units into the ksp equation should give you units of...
Concentration measures the number of moles of solute per liter of solution, besides that it can be used to measures also the ratio of mass per liter.
Molarity also measures the number of mole of a solute per liter of solution.
Then what is the difference between these two definitions? They seem...
Homework Statement
The diagram below shows an electrolysis cell which contains 1L of an aqueous 1M copper(II)sulfate solution.
If 0.4 moles of electrons pass through the cell, the concentration of copper ions after passage of the charge will be
A) 0.4 M
B) 0.8 M
C) 1.0 M
D) 1.2M...
so is an acid like HCl, is it basically these HCl ions that are "dissolved" or "infused" into water and form an acid? So what I'm saying is HCl by itself isn't possible and it's only possible in the dissolved form or aqueas form. This would make sense because as far as I know an acid or base...
Hello!
I am trying to crack the following problem:
What is the pH of a solution formed by mixing
125.0 mL of 0.0250 M HCl with 75.0 mL of 0.0500 M
NaOH?
Here is how I am approaching the issue:
both HCl and NaOH are strong acid and base respectively. Hence the concentration of [H3O+] =...
Homework Statement
You mix 45-mL of 0.1174M K2SO4 and 35-mL of 0.2504M HNO3
Homework Equations
none.
The Attempt at a Solution
So I'm supposed to find the number of moles of the K2SO4 and add it to the number of moles of 0.2504, then add the two volumes, and divide the total number of moles...
Homework Statement
An aqueous solution of silver nitrate, AgNO3, reacts with an aqueous solution ammonium carbonate, (NH4)2CO3. What are the spectator ions for the reaction?
AgNO3 (aq) + (NH4)2CO3 ->
A 17.5 mL sample of hydrochloric acid HCl solution required 29.6 mL of 0.250M Ba(OH)2 for...
We have a question on my daughter's homework I'm trying to help with and there is a part of it we have not been able to find support for to get to the answer. See below. We believe we've been able to answer parts "a" and "b" correctly, however, we're having trouble answering part "c" and were...
There are two numericals,
1. Density of Methanol is 0.793 kg/l. Find molarity. ANSWER is : Desity/ Molar mass = Molarity (UNDERSTANDABLE)
In other numerical
2. Concentration of H2SO4 is 98% by mass having density of 1.84gm/ml. Calculate Molarity.
here they used another formula.
now my...
Ammonia gas is passed into water, yielding a solution of density 0.93 g/cm^3 and containing 18.6% NH3 by weight. The mass of NH3 per cc of the solution is
1) 0.17
2) 0.51
3) 0.34
4) 0.68I solved it using the molarity equation.
Molarity = 10xd/MM
where,
x - % by weight
d - density
MM -...
I am really confused about it.Suppose we add 5 moles of acetic acid in 1 litre of water..The molarity of solution will be -(5 moles)/volume of solution?Or it will be -(the number of moles of acetic acid dissociated/dissolved)/volume of solution
Homework Statement
Calculate the molarity of a solution made by adding 35.5 mL of concentrated ammonia (28.0 % by mass, density 0.880 g/mL) to some water in a volumetric flask, then adding water to the mark to make exactly 250 mL of solution. (It is important to add concentrated acid or base...
Homework Statement
You have 725 mL of an 0.55 acetic acid solution. What volume (V) of 1.30 M NaOH solution must you add in order to prepare an acetate buffer of pH = 4.99? ( The pKa of acetic acid is 4.76.)
[/B]
Homework Equations
pH = pKa + log A/HA
Ratio of A- to HA = 10^(pH-pKA)[/B]The...
Question: What volume of a 0.835 M solution of Na2SO4 do you have if there are 0.0534 mol of Na+ present in the solution?
What I did: Since we have 0.0534 moles of Na+ ions in the Na2SO4 molecule, I used that for the equation. Since 0.0534 moles is in a 1:1 ratio with Na2SO4 I can conclude we...
Homework Statement
Screenshot of some prof's website. This is just ridiculous.
http://i.minus.com/jnUa604Tz6bKX.png
Homework Equations
Molarity to molality.
Molality is moles / kg of solvent.
Molarity is moles / volume of solution.
The Attempt at a Solution
Pretty sure all the ones...
Homework Statement
The molality of an aqueous sodium nitrate solution is 2.14 m. What is the mole fraction of sodium nitrate?
Homework Equations
Molality = moles of solute / kg of solvent.
Mole fraction of A = moles of A / total number of moles (in this case, moles of solute +...
Homework Statement
Consider the following aqueous solution at 25°C
Cr2(SO4)3, 1.26 mol/L, 1.37 mol/kg
Calculate the mole fraction, density and % w/w
Homework Equations
χ = n Cr2(SO4)3 / n Cr2(SO4)3 + n H2O
Unit conversions
ρ= g solvent / mL solution
% w/w = mass solvent / 100 g...
Hi, let's say I need 60 mL of a 1M solution of potassium sodium tartrate, I am looking for how many grams to measure out of my stock. So I need to convert mol to grams using molar mass. Do I use the full formula weight that includes water KNaC4H4O6*4H2O, or simply the KNaC4H4O6?
Homework Statement
Glacial acetic acid has a density of 1.05g/ml and contains 99.51%acetic acid (CH3COOH) by mass. Calculate the molarity of glacial acetic acid.
So, this is a question in my pre-lab that doesn't even count. But, I still want to get it because we have similar questions in...
Concentrations and Molarity??
Homework Statement
This problem was given in class; the teacher left it to us to solve it on our own. He wrote this problem himself:
you have 150 millimolar of Trypan Blue. you need to get 13.3 millimolar Trypan Blue in a 30% ethanol solution in EXACTLY 10...
Hi there, I have to solve this problem:
Use the following data to estimate the molarity of a saturated aqueous solution of ##Sr(IO_3)_2##
So, I think I should use the Van't Hoff equation in some way, but I don't know how.
I also have:
##\Delta_r G=\Delta G^o+RT\ln K##
##K## is the...
What should be the molarity in an aquatic dissolution for Trimethylamine, ##(CH_3)_3N## if ##pH=11,2##?
##(CH_3)_3N+H_2O \rightleftharpoons (CH_3)_3NH^++OH^-##, ##K_b=6.3 \times 10^{-5}##
I know that ##pH+pOH=14 \rightarrow pOH=2.8##, then ##[OH^-]=1.58 \times 10^{-3}##
And...
Homework Statement
this is a part of a buffer solutions problem
3.3g of solid NaC2H3O2*3H2O added to 46mL of deionized water and 4.0 mL of 6.0M HC2H3O2.
a. How many moles of HC2H3O2 are contained in a 19 mL of the above buffer?
b. How many moles of NaOH would need to be added to the 19...
Homework Statement
http://i.imgur.com/Rz0qB.png
Homework Equations
The answer is B, but I would like to know how to find the answer.
Molarity = moles * volume
The Attempt at a Solution
Yep, I tried for 15+ minutes and couldn't get the darn units to cancel out. A worked out...
Homework Statement
A 3.125 g sample of primary standard of Na2CO3 was treated with 40.00 mL of dilute perchloric acid. The solution was boiled to remove CO2, following which the excess HClO4 was back-titrated with 10.12 mL of dilute NaOH. In a separate experiment, it was established that...
[b]1. We had a titration lab where we titrated tap water with EDTA. Through our results we should be able to figure out the molarity of Ca and Mg ions. I think I'm doing this right but it seems to easy in comparison with everything else we are doing in lab and lecture so I just want to know if...
Homework Statement
My problem is in the attachment. I am trying to find the molarity and volume of Cu(NO3)2 while I only know Cu has .50 g and HNO3 is 10M and is 5mL.
Homework Equations
The Attempt at a Solution
I have done my calculations on the right. What I have circled is...
Homework Statement
Calculate how many grams of solute are necessary to prepare:
1) 100 mL of 0.1 N (Normal Solution) Ca(OH)2 (molecular weight = 74)
2) 100 mL 5% NaCl (molecular weight = 40)
Homework Equations
Molarity = # of moles / # of liters
The Attempt at a Solution
1. I...
Homework Statement
What is the Molarity of 70% TBHP?
Homework Equations
Given: d=.937g/ml, FW=90.12g , w/w%?
The Attempt at a Solution
1000mL x (0.937g/mL) x (1mol/90.12g) = 10.4M
That is what I got but idk what to do with the 70% or that w/w%
or is that right the way I did it?
Homework Statement
Lauryl alcohol, C12H25OH, is prepared from coconut oil; it is used to make sodium lauryl sulfate, a synthetic detergent. What is the molarity of lauryl alcohol in a solution of 17.1g lauryl alcohol dissolved in 148g ethanol, C2H5OH?
a) 0.310m b) 0.620m c) 0.842m d)...
A solution of KCl has a density of 1.011 g/mL and has a concentration of 0.273 M. What is the molality of the solution? The molar mass of KCl is 74.5513 g.
So first I got g of KCl solute:
.273 (m) * 74.5513 (g/m) = 20.35 g
Total mass of solution = 1020.35g (since 1000g solvent per .273m...
Homework Statement
96 grams of Iron(III)Chloride is dissolved in water to give 300ml of solution. What is the Molarity of Iron(III)Chloride? What is the Molarity of just the Chloride?
Homework Equations
FeCl3 + H2O → Fe+3 + 3Cl-
The Attempt at a Solution
96g FeCl3 X (1 mol FeCl3 /...
I have to prepare the following solution:
200 mL of 2.5% Glutaraldehyde from 25% stock Glutaraldehyde in 0.2M Sodium Cacodylate Buffer
So far I know:
Molecular weight of Glutaraldehyde: 100g/mol and Sodium Cacodylate:160g/mol
Assuming the density is 1 of Glutaldehyde, then...
Homework Statement
In the photographic process silver bromide is dissolved by adding sodium thiosulfate. Determine the volume in mL of 0.0138 M Na2S2O3 should be added to dissolve 0.250 g of AgBr.
Homework Equations
The equation is : AgBr (s) + Na2S2O3 (aq) → Na3Ag(S2O3)2 (aq) + NaBr...
Homework Statement
I am so confused.
I am doing a "Iodometric Titration of Copper in Brass" lab.
We first made a thiosulphate solution by mixing 500 mL water, 12.5 g of Na2S203 * 5H20, and .05 g Na2CO3. This solution is "supposed" to come out to be about 0.1 M. My actual measurements...
Homework Statement
You need to prepare medium for your culture cells. Your liquid salt solution is 10X concentration, you need to dilute to 1X for use. You need to add 100% fetal bovine serum for a final concentration of 10%. How would you make up 1 liter of this culture media using water as...
Homework Statement
What volume of solution is needed to dissolve 1.0 mol of a strong base such as KOH to make a solution whose pH is 12.5?
Homework Equations
KOH_{(s)} \rightarrow K^{+}_{(aq)} + OH^{-}_{(aq)}
pH = -log[H_{3}O^{+}]
The Attempt at a Solution
I'm not going to...
hello,
i had been comparing the molarity and molality of a solution.
i know molarity is moles of solute per L of solution, and molality is moles of solute per kg of solvents.
but what i m interested to know is- which of the two is more concentrated- 1molal solution or 1 molar solution.
my...
Homework Statement
(c) A 0.1036 g sample of copper metal is dissolved in 48 mL of concentrated HNO3 to form Cu2+ ions and then water is added to make a total volume of 208.1 mL. (Calculate the molarity of Cu2+.)
Homework Equations
Molarity = Moles/Liter
The Attempt at a Solution...