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Calculating half life (Decay Constant)

  1. Jun 13, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The activity of a radioactive nuclide drops 78.5% of it's initial value in 2000 years.


    2. Relevant equations

    I know I need to use the decay constant to work out my answer so I have re-arranged the equation as illustrated in my picture, the only problem is I cannot work out the answer and am unsure of which units to use and where they go

    3. The attempt at a solution
     

    Attached Files:

  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 13, 2012 #2

    HallsofIvy

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    No, you don't need a "decay constant", you just need the definition of "half life". If T is the half life, in years, then after t years the amount left will be [itex]A(1/2)^{t/T}= A2^{-t/T}[/itex] where A is the initial amount at time t= 0.

    "The activity of a radioactive nuclide drops 78.5% of it's initial value in 2000 years."

    So [itex]A2^{-2000/T}= .785A[/itex]. Can you solve that for T? You will need to take a logarithm of both sides.
     
  4. Jun 13, 2012 #3
    If the value drops 78.5% then there will only be 21.5% left (just a tad over 2 half lives).
     
  5. Jun 13, 2012 #4
    The units of the decay constant are reciprocal years, since the ln of the ratio of the N's is dimensionless. So you first solve for lambda, and then use your equation again to calculate the value of t that makes the ratio of N's equal to 1/2. This is the half life.
     
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