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Calculating the potential energy of a spring

  1. Jan 13, 2012 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    A force of 18 N compresses a spring by 15 cm. By how much does the spring’s potential energy change?


    2. Relevant equations

    Ee = .5kx2

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Why doesn't .5 * 18 * .152p/sup] do it? Seems pretty obvious. My answer is .2 J, the book's answer is 1.4J
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jan 13, 2012 #2
    Actually,the k in your equation is not the force applied on the spring,it is a spring constant(force/compressed length).If you insist on using force(18N) to calculate,you can rewrite your equation to 0.5Fx^2 by Hooke's Law(F=kx).Then you should get your answer
     
  4. Jan 13, 2012 #3
    Ok, but I find distinguishing those two to be rather hard.
     
  5. Jan 13, 2012 #4
    I think F=kx (Hooke's Law) is a great way to distinguish these 2 variables,I don't know whether it works on you,but that's my way^^(P.S It is always easier to distinguish similar variable by understanding the underlying principle of the equations)
    Hope this helps
     
    Last edited: Jan 13, 2012
  6. Jan 13, 2012 #5
    But I don't understand the difference between force compressed and force newtons.

    To me they both measure the same thing. They both measure the force needed to compress a spring.
     
  7. Jan 13, 2012 #6
    That k is not force compressed,it is a quantity called spring constant or force constant.i think you really don't understand what Hooke law means.Here is the meaning,Hooke's Law states that the tension of the spring is proportional to is extension or compression from its natural length.That k is a proportionality constant which means how many newton is needed to compress or extend 1 meter of the spring.
     
  8. Jan 13, 2012 #7
    when talking about springs, k is the spring constant. The spring constant of some spring is a ratio of Force required to compress or stretch it some distance x.

    Or: k = [itex]\frac{F}{x}[/itex]

    The potential energy of a spring is given in terms of its spring constant times the square of the distance compressed or stretched, like you've got it

    E = [itex]\frac{1}{2}[/itex]kx2

    so plug and chug



    so remember: k = spring constant = N/m

    while: F = force = N

    that's the difference
     
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