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Homework Help: Calculation of the adjusted mean

  1. Aug 14, 2010 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    Four runners A,B,C, and D ran 100m each. The time taken, in seconds by each runner can be considered as independent observation from a normal distribution with mean 14 and SD 0.2 . A runner E ran 400 m. THe time taken by E can be considered as an observation from a normal distribution with mean 58 and SD 1.0 independent of the times taken by the other runners. For the four runners A,B,C and D , find the probabiltiy that A is the fastest runner. Find also the probability that runners C and D (in any order of arrangement) are the slowest runner.

    2. Relevant equations



    3. The attempt at a solution

    Maybe some hints to get me started on both parts of the questions.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Aug 14, 2010 #2

    statdad

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    Re: probability

    Does your first question mean "What is the probability A is the fastest runner among A, B, C, and D?" (with runner E not coming into play at all?) If so,
    I know you typed their distributions, but what does the information tell you about the distributions for A, B, C, and D?
     
  4. Aug 14, 2010 #3
    Re: probability

    I thought of this:

    P(A-B>0) x P(A-C>0) x P(A-D>0)

    and P(A-B>0)=P(A-C>0)=P(A-D>0)

    but the problem is the calculation of the adjusted mean and SD. Take A-B for example,

    E(A-B)=E(A)-E(B)=0

    so P(A-B>0)=P(Z>0)=0.5 ?

    and the required probability would be (0.5)^3 ?
     
  5. Aug 14, 2010 #4

    statdad

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    Re: probability

    Not quite: think this way: A, B, C, D are identically distributed: if you have four identical items, what is the probability of selecting A (as the smallest)?
     
  6. Aug 14, 2010 #5
    Re: probability

    oops maybe i have been thinking too much. The answer is simply 1/4. Am i right?
     
  7. Aug 14, 2010 #6

    statdad

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    :). Good
     
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