Car impact at 90 degrees to each other (conservation of momentum)

  • Thread starter KESTRELx
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  • #1
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Homework Statement


Two cars collide at right angle in the intersection of two icy roads. Car A has a mass of 1000 kg and car B 1400 kg. The cars become entangled and moved off together with a common velocity v’ in the direction indicated in figure QB4. If car A was travelling 10 m/s at the instant of impact, find
i) v’ and [13marks]
ii) the corresponding velocity of car B just before impact. [7 marks]

v’ is 25 degrees to the vertical, car A on the vertical axis car b on the horizontal axis


Homework Equations



M(a)V(a) + M(b)v(b) = m(t)v'
Ke=1/2mv^2

The Attempt at a Solution



Ok so i have drawn a few conclutions from this, one that the impact is elastic, as i don't physically have the the values to find the coefficient of restitution and i seem to remember that as they have become entangled nothing has reflected.

This means KE and momentum is conserved, However when canceling the Ke equations down. i'm left with effectivly the same equation just a squared in it.

conservation of momentum
M(a)V(a) + M(b)v(b) = m(t)v'
10000 +1400v(b) = 2400v'

conservation of KE
M(a)V(a)^2 + M(b)v(b)^2 = m(t)v'^2

100000 + 1400v(b)^2 = 2400v'^2

substituting one into the other i get something incredibilly complicated and is unlikely to work.
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Doc Al
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Ok so i have drawn a few conclutions from this, one that the impact is elastic, as i don't physically have the the values to find the coefficient of restitution and i seem to remember that as they have become entangled nothing has reflected.

This means KE and momentum is conserved, However when canceling the Ke equations down. i'm left with effectivly the same equation just a squared in it.
Since the cars become entangled, the collision is perfectly inelastic. Kinetic energy is not conserved.

conservation of momentum
M(a)V(a) + M(b)v(b) = m(t)v'
10000 +1400v(b) = 2400v'
Don't forget that momentum is a vector quantity. Treat vertical and horizontal components separately.
 
  • #3
6
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Oh snap.

so:
1000 x 10 = 2400 x cos(25) x v'

10000 / ( 2400 x cos (25) ) = v'

v' =4.6ms^-1

and then reversing this for the horizontal

1400v = 2400 x sin(25) x 4.6
v = (2400 x sin(25) x 4.6) / 1400
v= 3.3ms^-1
 
  • #4
Doc Al
Mentor
45,140
1,439
Good!
 

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