# Homework Help: Centripitalforce problem (hard)

1. Feb 19, 2006

### trondern

Ok, i've been looking around for a answer for this , but havent found one. So in hope for some help, ill post the problem here:

A pipe has the form as a half cylinder. On the top of the cylinder its placed a item that can slide frictionfree on the cylinder. The cylinder gets a microsmal puff, so the system starts. What angel does the radius make with the horizontal axis in the moment the item loses its contact with the cylindersurface?

Any help solving this would be of great appreciaton from me :shy:

I've tried attacking this with finding an expression for the angle, but it failed. Im having problems realy understanding whats causing the item to lose the surfacecontact with the cylinder. Im sure it has something to do with the speed of the item , combined with the angle for the position... im realy drawing a blank here.

Last edited: Feb 19, 2006
2. Feb 19, 2006

### Chi Meson

This is a classic problem that is in nearly every text book I've looked through. I'll give you the standard hints:

You must assume that the object leaves the surface at an angle "theta."

What will the normal force on the object be at that moment?

What force (or componant thereof) provides the centripetal force at that moment?

In what way could you determine the speed of the object at that moment?

3. Feb 19, 2006

### trondern

Thats what i've been trying to figgur out. There's no examples on it in my book, so its kinda hard to just see it happening.

I was thinking something like this, but unsure what to do with it.. hehe

mg cos(thetta+phi/2)..

seriously ..im drawing a blank here

Last edited: Feb 19, 2006
4. Feb 19, 2006

### andrewchang

if the object has just left the surface, can there be a normal force on it?

5. Feb 19, 2006

### trondern

no, ok. Fn = 0. But im still confused about what equations to use..

6. Feb 19, 2006

### Hootenanny

Staff Emeritus
You could use the conservation of energy theorm, or resolve forces radially giving you the normal reaction force. The choice is yours...

7. Feb 19, 2006

### trondern

Those ..never used them before i think..

8. Feb 19, 2006

### Hootenanny

Staff Emeritus
How have you solved questions like this in the past?

9. Feb 19, 2006

### trondern

I havent solved any questions like this in the past. Thats why its kinda hard for me to get the picture here:)

10. Feb 19, 2006

### Chi Meson

Here:

Up until the point "theta" the centripetal force is some force component minus the normal force. At "theta" cnetriipetal force is...

11. Feb 20, 2006

### trondern

Up to thetta it is : sin (thetta) * mg - m*(v^2/R)

at thetta its : sin(thetta)*mg - 0 ?

This is hard:( What do i do with it afterwards?

Last edited: Feb 20, 2006
12. Feb 20, 2006

### Chi Meson

This is the centripetal force at this point so it is equal to what other formula?

13. Feb 21, 2006

### trondern

I have no clue...

14. Feb 21, 2006

### Staff: Mentor

I know that I'm just repeating, in slightly different words, what Chi Meson has already explained. Nonetheless...

There are only two forces acting on the object: its weight and the normal force of the surface. At the moment in question, when the object is just about to leave the surface, the normal force goes to zero: so the only force acting on the object (and the only force available to provide the centripetal force) is the weight.

You need to do two things:

(1) Apply Newton's 2nd law to forces in the radial direction, remembering that the object has a radial (centripetal) acceleration.

(2) Combine that with an expression relating angle with speed; you can derive one using conservation of energy.