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Change in thermal energy and Temperature problem

  1. Feb 2, 2013 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data
    Compute the change in internal energy, ΔU, and the final temperature, Tf, when 1 mole of an ideal, diatomic gas is compressed adiabatically to 89.700% of its initial volume. The starting point is 22.500°C and 16.100 L. (Assume that the vibrational degree of freedom stays inactive during the process.)


    2. Relevant equations
    eq. 1. W=NkTln(Vi/Vf)

    eq. 2. Δu=Q+W

    eq. 3. u=(f/2)NkT

    3. The attempt at a solution

    Okay since it's adiabatic I made the assumption Δu=w. So i used the abouve equation and solved for w=(6.02)(1.381)ln(16.1/14.447)=267.175 J

    So i manipulate eq 3 and get u=(f/2)Nk(Tf-Ti) and (2u)/fNk+Ti=Tf=12.8548+295.65=308.505K. This the computer says is wrong?

    Because when i find the change in Temp i plan on using du=(f/2)NkdT for the change in thermal energy
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Feb 2, 2013 #2

    TSny

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    Homework Helper
    Gold Member

    Does this equation hold for an adiabatic process?

    Sounds good.
     
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