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## Main Question or Discussion Point

Standing waves have a fundamental frequency equal to 4x the length of the pipe if the pipe is closed at one end and open at the other end.

So, blowing across the top of a 33.2 cm bottle should produce a fundamental frequency of v/4L or about 340/1.2= 283 hz. When I record the sound produced by this bottle and then run a spectral analysis (I have done this several times) sampling at both 1000 hz and 44khz I consistently get a fundamental frequency of 96 hz with harmonics at multiples of 96 hz. A closed end tube should produce only odd harmonics.

What is going on?

So, blowing across the top of a 33.2 cm bottle should produce a fundamental frequency of v/4L or about 340/1.2= 283 hz. When I record the sound produced by this bottle and then run a spectral analysis (I have done this several times) sampling at both 1000 hz and 44khz I consistently get a fundamental frequency of 96 hz with harmonics at multiples of 96 hz. A closed end tube should produce only odd harmonics.

What is going on?