Collision of Electrons: What Happens to Incident Electron?

In summary, the collision of electrons is a physical phenomenon in which two or more electrons interact with each other, resulting in energy and momentum transfer. The energy of the incident electron and various factors such as angle of incidence and material properties can influence the outcome of the collision. This process is crucial in understanding the properties and behavior of matter at the atomic and subatomic levels.
  • #1
chanderjeet
25
0
when an electron collides with another, say a hydrogen electron, when the hydrogen electron is promoted, what happens to the incident electron?
 
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  • #2
It probably just goes off into space with a different velocity.
 
  • #3


When two electrons collide, there are a few possible outcomes depending on the specific conditions of the collision. In the case of an incident electron colliding with a hydrogen electron and promoting it, the incident electron may either continue on its original path with a slight change in direction, or it may transfer some of its energy to the hydrogen electron and be deflected or scattered in a different direction. This transfer of energy can also result in the incident electron being absorbed by the hydrogen atom, causing it to become excited and potentially emit a photon as it returns to its ground state. The exact outcome of the collision depends on factors such as the relative velocities and charges of the two electrons, as well as the distance between them. Studying these collisions can provide valuable insights into the behavior and properties of electrons and atoms.
 

Related to Collision of Electrons: What Happens to Incident Electron?

1. What is the collision of electrons?

The collision of electrons is a physical phenomenon where two or more electrons interact with each other, either through direct contact or through the influence of an external force.

2. What happens during a collision of electrons?

During a collision of electrons, the incident electron transfers energy and momentum to the target electron. This can result in various outcomes, such as the target electron being excited, emitting radiation, or being scattered in a different direction.

3. How does the energy of the incident electron affect the collision?

The energy of the incident electron plays a crucial role in determining the outcome of the collision. Higher energy electrons can cause more significant changes in the target electron's state, while lower energy electrons may only result in minor interactions.

4. What factors can influence the outcome of a collision of electrons?

Aside from the energy of the incident electron, the factors that can affect the collision's outcome include the angle of incidence, the distance between the electrons, and the properties of the materials involved.

5. How does the collision of electrons contribute to our understanding of matter?

The collision of electrons is a fundamental process that allows us to study the properties and behavior of matter at the atomic and subatomic levels. By observing and analyzing the outcomes of these collisions, we can gain insights into the structure and behavior of matter and its fundamental building blocks.

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