# Commutator relations of field operators

Here is the question:
By using the equality (for boson) ---------------------------------------- (1)
Prove that Background:

Currently I'm learning things about second quantization in the book "Advanced Quantum Mechanics"(Franz Schwabl).
Given the creation and annihilation operators( ), define field operators as The following 3 commutator relations are for Boson. -----------------------------------(2)

And here is my attempt (but it doesn't work):

First step, using equality (1) to expand the commutator: -------------(3)
since the nabla operator is an operator, so I think the first term of (3)'s right-hand-side can be expressed as following also, I expressed the second term of (3)'s right-hand-side by using the same method So, by inserting those commutators in (2), I found Last edited:

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strangerep
Try doing this first: apply $\nabla'$ to each of the three commutator equations in (2). That will give you some extra utility formulas that you can use to simply (3) more correctly, and quicker.
Try doing this first: apply $\nabla'$ to each of the three commutator equations in (2). That will give you some extra utility formulas that you can use to simply (3) more correctly, and quicker.
That helps me a lot! Thanks! Indeed, my calculations are wrong after (3). And I also forgot that $\nabla'$ only acts on x' !!