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Compasses and Magnetic Field: B of Earth with respect to B of wire

  1. Jun 3, 2009 #1
    1. The problem statement, all variables and given/known data

    The current in the wire is going down. The wire is in the z axis position going up and down. A compass is placed below the wire...for example the wire passes through (0,0) the origin on the x, y plane. The compass would be placed in the (0,-1) position on the x,y plane.

    Show the vector diagram of the two magnetic fields (B of earth and B of wire) and the resultant field.

    2. Relevant equations
    None


    3. The attempt at a solution
    I'm not sure if my answer is right:

    The direction of the magnetic field is clockwise. If a compass is placed south of the wires the direction of the magnetic field should be pointing directly to the left, since at a pt the direction of a magnetic field is tangent to that point on the magnetic field.

    Therefore, should the vectors look like this: B of earth pointing directly North and B of wire pointing directly west. the resultant field should be between those two vectors making a 45 degree angle with a direction Northwest.
     
  2. jcsd
  3. Jun 4, 2009 #2

    LowlyPion

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    Homework Helper

    It looks like you've got the directions right, but unless the magnitude of the B field from the wire is equal to that of Earth, it would not necessarily be at 45 degrees would it?
     
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