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Connections between Linear and Rotational Quantities

  • #1

Homework Statement


A wheel of radius R starts from rest and accelerates with a constant angular acceleration α about a fixed axis. At what time t will the centripetal and tangential acceleration of a point on the rim have the same magnitude?

Homework Equations


acp=r x ω2

at= r x α

ω= 2π / T → T=2π/ω

The Attempt at a Solution


The problem states that the centripetal and tangential acceleration will have the same magnitude at time t.
So I listed the equation for centripetal acceleration and tangential acceleration and thought that I can put them equal to each other since the magnitudes are the same.

R x ω2 =R x α I canceled out the R

ω2= α Here I thought that since ω equals 2π/T I could substitute it for ω since it has T for period
which relates to time​
(2π/T)2 = α I took the square root of that.

2π/T = √α Solving for T

T = 2π/(√α)

So would this be the time? The AP Physics Book (3rd Edition by James S. Walker doesn't give me a solution since the problem number is even (only gives for odd).
 

Answers and Replies

  • #2
Nathanael
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The period isn't important. You have ω2=α. You know that α is constant. You know that ω starts at zero. Can you then find ω as a function of time?
 
  • #3
Hmm. So would that be w(final)=w(initial)+ a(alpha) t ?
Only one that doees not invovle angular distance. Hmm so I could substitute w^2 for alpha in the equation.
 
  • #4
Nathanael
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And what do you get?
 
  • #5
I apologize for replying so late. An assignment turned out to be more time consuming than I thought it would be.
Anyways so if I plug in w2,

I get W(final)=W(initial) + W2 * t W(initial) is zero and solving for t give me

t = W(final)/ W2

Would it be possible to cancel out the W to get 1/W ?
 
  • #6
Nathanael
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Would it be possible to cancel out the W to get 1/W ?
Yes that would be okay. But it may be better to write the final answer in terms of α, since α is a known quantity.
 
  • #7
How would write it in terms of alpha since I substitute it with w^2
 
  • #8
lightgrav
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substitute the alpha back in?
 

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